Saturday, 10 April 2021

A Brave General | Class 3 | English | Lesson 3 | SCERT Solutions


A Brave General | Class 3 | English | Lesson 3 | SCERT Solutions | Assam
A Brave General | Class 3 | English | Lesson 3 | SCERT Solutions | Assam



1.    Read the sentences and write ‘yes’ or ‘no’:

 a)    Chakradhwaj Singha was a brave general.

Answer: No.

 b)    The king had to pay huge sums of money to the Mogul emperor. 

Answer: Yes.

 c)    Chakradhwaj Singha wanted to fight the Moguls.

Answer: No.

 d)    Chakradhwaj Singha appointed Lachit as the Borphukan.

Answer: Yes.


2.    Read the text and see how much you have understood:


a)    What is the name of the king in the story?

Answer: Chakradhwaj Singha.

b)    What did Chakradhwaj Singha decide to do?

Answer: King Chakradhwaj Singha decided to fight the Moghuls and recover the lost part of his kingdom.

c)    Give the name of the person who was selected to become the general.

Answer: Lachit Borphukan was selected to become the general.

d)    What did the attendant do that made Lachit so angry?

Answer: Lachit was so angry because the attendant took off Lachit's turban.

e)    What did the king want to test in Lachit?

Answer: The King wanted to test if Lachit was brave and had self-respect.


3.    Pick out words from the box and fill in the blanks to complete the sentences given below:


FIGHT | BRAVE | SWORD | TEST | WESTERN

a)    The Western part of the kingdom was under the Moguls.

b)    The king wanted to fight the Moguls.

c)    The king needed a brave general.

d)    The king wanted to test Lachit.

e)    The king presented a sword to Lachit.


4.    Rearrange the words to make sentences:

a)    The king huge sums of money to pay had

Answer: The King had to pay huge sums of money.

b)    King presented the Lachit sword with a 

Answer: The King presented a sword to Lachit.

c)    The king Lachit called chamber to his

Answer: The King called Lachit to his chamber.

d)    Chamber rushed into an attendant the royal

Answer: An attendant rushed into the royal chamber.

e)    The a brave general needed King

Answer: The King needed a Brave General.


Now, rearrange the sentences in the correct order according to the story:


5. (a)  Read aloud the two sentences:

Chakradhwaj Singha was brave.

He was a brave king.


Notice where the describing word brave is placed. In the first sentence, it is placed after ‘was’. In the second sentence, it is placed before the naming word. Many describing words can be placed in both these places.

 

5. (b) Read the sentences about Lachit Borphukan:

Lachit Borphukan was brave.


Now write another sentence about him using the word ‘brave’.

 Lachit Borphukan was appointed as a general because he was Brave


 

5.    Mita wants to climb a tree. But she is afraid. Look at the pictures below. They show how Mita is learning to climb a tree:


Answer: (i) Mita is trying to climb the tree.

                (ii) But she is afraid to climb it.

                 (iii) Her father is showing her how to climb the tree.

                 (iv) Mita has bravely climbed the tree.

 

6.    Look at the pair of words and fill in the blanks:

(a)    Need – Needed

(b)    Want – wanted

(c)    Select – selected

(d)    Rush – rushed

(e)    Appoint – appointed

(f)    Present – presented


7.    Read aloud the pair of words:

Now, make sentences using words from any two pairs:

Answer: (i) Sita Wants to become a Doctor

               (ii) She became what she wanted to become.


9.    Write three sentences about what you do every day and three sentences about what you did yesterday or last Sunday:

EVERYDAY –

(a) I play Carrom board

(b) I do exercise

(c) I cook a meal

LAST SUNDAY

(a) I played football

(b) I cooked Food

(c) I did Exercise


10.    Let’s make new words by joining two words from the clouds. You will find these words in the story of ‘The King and the Spider’. One is done for you:

(a)    Cob+web = cobweb

(b)    Battle+field = Battlefield

(c)    King+dom = Kingdom


12.    We can use these ‘Wh’ words to ask questions. Let us use these words and frame questions to know how much we have understood the story ‘The King and the Spider’.


(i)    Where did the spider try to weave the web?

(ii)    What did the spider do?

(iii)    How did the king go to a deep forest?

(iv)    Why did the king run away?

(v)    When did the king go?


18.a) Sing and enjoy this rhyme:

 

Work While You Work,

Play While you play.

This is the way

To be happy each day.


All that you do,

Do with your might,

Things done by halves,

Are never done right.


18.b) Find the rhyming words in the poem and write them:

(a) Play - Day

(b) Might - Right 







Thursday, 8 April 2021

 LESSON 2 | TWO FRIENDS AND A BEAR QUESTIONS ANSWERS | SCERT SOLUTIONS

LESSON 2 | TWO FRIENDS AND A BEAR QUESTIONS ANSWERS | SCERT SOLUTIONS
LESSON 2 | TWO FRIENDS AND A BEAR QUESTIONS ANSWERS | SCERT SOLUTIONS



LESSON 2 TWO FRIENDS AND A BEAR


1. Match the sentences to the picture of the person who said them:


(a) "I'm afraid of wild animals."

Answer: Anup.

(b) "If you are in danger, I'll help you."

Answer: Tipin.

(c) "Never trust someone who doesn't help you."

Answer: Anup.


2. Let's see how much we have understood:

(a) Who were Anup and Tipin?

Answer: Anup and Tipin were friends.

(b) Who climbed up a tree?

Answer: Tipin climbed up a tall tree.

(c) Why did he climb up a tree?

Answer: Tipin climbed up a tree Because he was Frightened.

(d) Who lay down on the ground?

Answer: Anup Lay down on the ground.

(e) Why did the bear move away?

Answer: The bear move away because he thought that Anup was dead.

(f) Who do you like the most- Anup or Tipin? Why?  

Answer: I like Anup because, Tipin didn't helped Anup in the time of danger.

3. Read:

Question 1. What did Tipin do?

Answer 1. He ran and climbed a tree.

Question 2. What did the bear do?

Answer 2. The bear camp to Anup and sniffed at him

Now, ask questions to get the answers.

Question 1. What did tipin do?

Answer 1. Tipin climbed up a tree.

Question 2. What did Anup do?

Answer 2. Anup lay down on the ground.


5. Read and complete the following sentences with the words in the boxes:


I'll | didn't | I'm


a) "I'm afraid of wild animals," said Anup.

b) "I'll help you," said Tipin.

c) Anup didn't know how to climb a tree.


6. Read

sniff

A bear sniffs at the fishes.


7. Look at the words in the bag. They are all describing words. Your teacher will read out the words. Find out the words in the grid and circle them:


8. Rearrange the words and make sentences. Put a full stop at the end of the sentence:


a) it forest a was big

Answer: it was a big forest.

b) Tipin a saw tree tall

Answer: Tipin saw a tall tree.

c) Anup black saw a bear.

Answer: Anup saw a black bear.

d) You good are a friend

Answer: You are a goof friend.


10. Read these sentences about some things we do with our friends:

a) I play with my friend.

b) I share my toys with my friend.

c) I help my friend in need.


Now, write two sentences about what you do with your friends:

a) I watch television with my friend.

b) I do my homework with my friend.


11. b) Now, talk to your friend and find two things he/she does in her/his free time. Fill in the blanks to complete the sentences about your friend. You can take help from the clouds.


a) This is my friend Ajoy

b) He sings songs.

c) He plays football.

d) He also draws pictures 


12. Read the following sentences:

a) I play football.

b) we read books.

c) she sings songs.

d) he plays badminton.

e) they sing songs.

f) we read books.


Notice the underlined words. You can see that some of these words have 's' and some don't have 's' at the end. Find out and write the words that are used before 'plays' and 'sings'.

(i) He (ii) She


13. Write two things that you did yesterday. You can take help from the words in the frame:

Answer: a) we listened to music 

               b) we rode bicycles.


15. Let's recite:


Things I like to do


There are some things

I liked to do

The one that's best

is play with you.


There's nothing more

I wish to be

Then be your friend

And sing with glee.


16. Find the rhyming words in the poem and underline them.


17. Read the words in the frame:


PLAY | MORE | LAKE | FOUR | TAKE | BITE | DAY | KITE


Now, find out the pairs of rhyming words from the frame and write them.

(i) Play - Day

(ii) More - Four

(iii) Lake - Take

(iv) Four - More



Lesson 1 | Ten Little Fingers | Class 3 | English | Questions | Answers | SCERT | ASSAM

Lesson 1 | Ten Little Fingers | Class 3 | English | Questions | Answers | SCERT | ASSAM
 Lesson 1 | Ten Little Fingers | Class 3 | English | Questions | Answers | SCERT | ASSAM


 CLASS 3: TEN LITTLE FINGERS


Summary: In the human body, we have ten fingers, and ten toes. Two ears help us to hear. A nose helps to smell. We have two eyes which are very bright. We have a mouth to kiss our beloved mother and wish her good night. 


1. Match the pictures with the words:


2. Practice saying rhyming words. Your teacher will read the first word in each row. Read the other two:


3. A Baby duck is called a duckling. Do you know the names of other baby animals?

(a) Duck - Duckling

(b) Dog - Puppy

(c) Cat - Kitten

(d) Cow-Calf

(e) Horse - Pony

(f) Hen - Chick

(g) Pig - Piglet

(h) Tiger - Cub

(i) Goat - Kid


4. (a) Match The names of animals and birds with their young ones:

 (a) Hen - Chick

 (b) Pig - Piglet

 (c) Cow-Calf

 (d) Duck - Duckling

 (e) Goat - Kid

 (f) Horse - Pony

 (g) Cat - Kitten

 (h) Tiger - Cub

 (i) Dog - Puppy


4. (b) Now, write the correct pairs. One is done for you:


5. Look at the picture and let's read:


6. Let's see how much we have understood:


(a) What does the cow do?

Answer: The cow licks her calf clean.

(b) Where does the Chicken Sleep?

Answer: The Chicks sleep under their Mother's wings.

(c) With whom do the ducklings sleep?

Answer: The ducklings sleep with their mother.

(d) Where do baby foxes sleep?

Answer: Baby foxes sleep in a hole.

10. SAY 'Yes' or 'No' :

(a) Mother Duck and her Ducklings live near a lake.

Answer: Yes

(b) Mother Duck and her Ducklings swam in the lake.

Answer: Yes

(c) A tiger was looking at them.

Answer: No

(d) Mother Duck was worried.

Answer: Yes

(e) Mother Duck walked fast.

Answer: Yes

(f) The fox went away happily.

Answer: No


12. (c) Now, copy two sentences about what the ducklings do :


(i) The Ducklings swim in the lake

(ii) The Ducklings play near the lake


13. Fill in the blanks with the correct words to complete the following sentences to show what happened to Mother Duck and her Ducklings:


Mother Duck and her Ducklings lived in a lake. She and her ducklings loved to swim in the lake. One day they heard the cry of a fox. Mother Duck wanted to save the ducklings from the fox. She told her Ducklings to run to the lake. She walked very fast. She went far away from the Ducklings. The foolish fox followed her. She returned to the lake when. She saw her Ducklings safe.





Wednesday, 7 April 2021

Important Report writing for Class 10 Metric Exam Assam SEBA Board 2021 | English Grammar


Important Report writing for Class 10 Metric Exam Assam SEBA Board 2021 | English Grammar
Important Report writing for Class 10 Metric Exam Assam SEBA Board 2021 


1. A newspaper reporter was sent to report on a road accident. Below you can see the page of his note book. Use the information to complete the report.    [H.S.L.C. 2005]

(Similar report also came in H.S.L.C. 2007)


6.35 P.M.                                                         12.02.2005

Sonapur: 25 KMs away from Guwahati

Crash: Jeep in Ditch.

Local bus: high speed – middle of the road – jeep braked to avoid collision – swerved – hit a tree and overturned. Jeep Driver Ananta Das (35 years) killed 

instantly – 3 injured – hospitalized. 

A tragic road accident killed one in Guwahati, three injured

Sonapur: 13 Feb, A road accident occurred yesterday at 6.35 PM near Sonapur, 25 KMs away from Guwahati, when a jeep hit a tree while giving side to a high speed local bus. According to eye witnesses, the jeep braked in order to avoid collision with a local bus along the middle of the road which was coming at a very high speed from the opposite direction. The driver lost control of the jeep which swerved to the roadside and hit a tree. The jeep driver died on the spot who was identified as Ananta Das aged 35 years. Three other passengers also severely injured and they were immediately rescued to a nearby hospital by the locals. 



2. A press reporter was sent to Sonapur to report on a bank robbery. He made the following notes in his notepad. Using the information contained in his notes, write out a report for the newspaper.                                                 [H.S.L.C.  2009, 2012]

11.30AM                                                                                

8.02.2009

Sonapur – 25 kms away from Guwahati 

Robbery in United Bank Branch.

Four armed robbers in jeep.

Looted fifteen lakhs.

Cashier resisted – was shot at.

Police investigation is going on.

No arrests so far.

Four Robbers looted Fifteen Lakhs from UBI, Sonapur Branch.

Sonapur, 9th Feb; A shocking bank robbery took place yesterday in United Bank Branch in Sonapur, 25 kms away from Guwahati. According to eye witnesses, at about 11.30 AM when bank had a rush of customers, four armed robbers entered the bank premise and hoisted the customers on gun point. One of them moved towards the cash counters and one into the manager’s room. A cashier at the cash counter resisted to hand over cash to the robber and was shot to death. They made the manager to open the vaults and the lockers at the gun point and they succeeded in robbing cash and other valuable worth Rupees fifteen lakhs. Before any preventive measure could be taken the robbers fled in a jeep. The bank authority has lodged a FIR with Sonapur Police Outpost. Reportedly investigation is going on, but no arrests so far. 


3. Write a report for a newspaper on the basis of the information given below: [H.S.L.C. 2016]

i) 20-11-2015

ii) Guwahati

iii) The Guwahati book fair commenced.

iv) Opened by the Governor of Assam.

v) Publishers from the state and outside it participated.

vi) Nice opening function – large gathering and good sale expected. 

The glorious book fair of Guwahati began

Guwahati, 21st Nov; “Books are the mirrors of the society.” said Hon’ble Governor XYZ inaugurating the glorious book fair of Guwahati which began yesterday with new glazing. According to the organizing committee, more than 164 Publishers from Assam and other states like West Bengal, Punjab, Delhi, and Chhattisgarh etc. are participating in the book fair. On the inaugural day, three books of three eminent writers were unveiled by the Governor. On the very first day there was a heavy rush of book lovers. To see the response from the public, the organizing committee as well as the publishers were excited. Prominent author Dr. Saber Sharma commented that that was a good sign for the culture. 


4. Write a report for a local daily on the basis of the information given below:[H.S.L.C. 2017]

(i) 5-2-2016

(ii) Guwahati

(iii) Fire in Athgaon

(iv) One godown gutted

(v) Fire fighters and local people doused the fire

(vi) Goods worth several lacs burnt to ashes.

Fire took a troll, Several lacs of property in ashes.

Guwahati, 6th Feb; A devastating fireput the locals in panic yesternight at Athgaon, when they found themselves between blaze of fire midnight. The fire took its spark from a nearby go down, which might be triggered by an electronic short circuit, as per prima facie suspect. As the go down stored dry hays, it caused the fire to spread within minutes. 

                               The locals immediately rang to the FireBrigade and Athgaon Police Chowkee. The Fire Fighters, playing with their life took the situation in control. The locals, with the help of police rescued the women and the children and took them to safe places. Before the fire could be doused fully, it had burnt down the go down completely. Several other adjacent shops and private residences were also taken down, amounting a damage of several lacs of rupees. 


5. Write a report for a local daily on the basis of the information given below: [H.S.L.C. 2018]

(i) 12-08-2018

(ii) Majuli

(iii) Embankment of the of the Brahmaputra breached

(iv) Flood water from Arunachal hills added to the fury of the flood caused by the breach

(v) Large areas inundated by the flood water and several villages and paddy fields severely affected

(vi) Government relief not enough for the flood-affected people

(vi) Many organizations came forward to help the affected people with relief materials

Severe flood condition in Majuli, many villages under water

Staff Reporter, Majuli, 13th Aug; Many villages are drastically affected in the recent flood situation in Majuli causing numerous loss of lives and assets. Reportedly the flood occurred due to the breach of the embankment of the Brahmaputra due to a heavy current triggered by the flood water from Arunachal hills. Acers of land are drowned in water including villages and paddy fields. Government has directed the district administration to do speedy rescue operations and to provide relief materials. However due to the adversity of the flood, the government aid seems insufficient. Private NGOs are playing active roles to meet the shortfall and providing all sorts of possible supports. 




6. Write a report for a local daily on the basis of the information given below: [H.S.L.C. 2019]

(i) 10-11-2018

(ii) Guwahati

(iii) Annual Guwahati Book Fair commenced. The Hon’ble Chief Minister declared it opened at 6:00 p.m.

(iv) Many publishers from Assam and outside participated

(v) To be continued for ten days; large gathering expected

The glorious book fair of Guwahati began

Guwahati, 10th Nov; “Books are the mirrors of the society.” said Hon’ble Chief Minister XYZ inaugurating the glorious book fair of Guwahati which began yesterday with new glazing. At about 6 PM, he lighted candle in the opening ceremony. According to the organizing committee, Publishers from Assam and other states like West Bengal, Punjab, Delhi, and Chhattisgarh etc. are participating in the book fair. On the very first day there was a heavy rush of book lovers. To see the response from the public, the organizing committee as well as the publishers were excited. Prominent author Dr. Saber Sharma commented that that was a good sign for the culture. The book fair shall continue for ten days. 



7. Write a report for a local daily on the basis of the information given below: [H.S.L.C. 2020]

(i) Guwahati; 16-2-2020

(ii) Annual prize day of your school

(iii) A festive atmosphere in the school.

(iv) Education Minister was the Chief-guest

(v) He gave away the prizes and gave an encouraging speech.

A decorated Annual Prize Day Celebration in XYZ School

Guwahati; 17th Feb: After a week long cultural programme, XYZ School celebrated an adorable Annual Prize Day yesterday. The school building was beautifully decorated for the celebration which showered a festive mode in the school. The glorious event was inaugurated in the auspicious presence of Assam’s Honorable Education Minister Dr. S. Sharma. Dr. S. Sharma dignified the chair as Chief Guest of the Annual Prize Day. He felt extremely proud to distribute the prizes among the winners of various sports events. He spelt, “The prizes won today will enthrall towards a bigger victory tomorrow.” in an encouraging tone.


Important Story Writing for Class 10 Metric Exam Assam 2021 SEBA Board | English Grammar

Important Story Writing for Class 10 Metric Exam Assam 2021 SEBA Board | English Grammar
Important Story Writing for Class 10 Metric Exam Assam 2021 SEBA Board 


1. H.S.L.C. 2016, 2020

Write a story in about 150 words using the outlines given belowand adding a title to it:

{Outline: A hungry fox sees a crow with a piece of meat – wishes to have the piece of meat – praises the crow – asks the crow to sing – the crow sings – the piece of meat falls down from her beak – the fox picks it up and runs away.}

                              A Flattering Fox

Jack, the fox was infamous in the jungle for his mischievous behavior.He used to put other animals in trouble using his clever ideas. Because of his mischiefs, other animals did not like to be his friends.

      One day Jack, the fox set out on a journey along the jungle. After covering a long distance, he felt tired and decided to take a little bit of rest under a tree. He was equally hungry too. Then, his eyes fell on a crow sitting in the tree. The crow had a piece of meat in the beak. The fox could not stop his temptation and wanted to have it.

   An idea suddenly crept in his mind. He, with a very soft voice, called the crow. “Your voice is god gifted, whenever I hear you singing, I feel I am lost in heaven.” The crow was amused. 

     Jack further spiced up the conversation, “Will you sing a song for me? It will be my biggest pleasure if I hear you from very near.” The crow lost all the control. It could not refuse such a humble request and opened its mouth to sing.

Lo! As soon as it opened its beak, the piece of meat fell down. The fox took the piece and said, “You are too foolish to sing a song for me.” The crow understood that it was deceived by the fox. Thus, the fox was able to relinquish his hunger using his master tricks. 


2. H.S.L.C. 2017, 2019

Write a story in about 150 words using the outlines given below and adding a title to it:

{Outline: A car hits an old man and escapes – he is injured badly – crowd gather on the spot – only show sympathy – they speak about the evil of rash driving – nobody comes forward to help the man – two school boys arrive – feel sorry for the man – take him to hospital.} 

Better to light a Candle than curse the Darkness

Mehta uncle, at the age of sixty, was as old as his age. He lived at the outskirt of the town in a solitary house. He was a retired pensioner. Every month he used to go to the town to collect his pension. 

So, Mehta uncle’s this month’s visit to town was not an exception, apart from the fact that this time his bad luck was also with him. He travelled to the town in a public bus and got out off the bus in front of the bank. He tried to cross the road to reach the bank. But lo! He did not reach the other side. People heard a crashing sound and after a blink of an eye, Mehta uncle was seen lying on the road with blood stains all around. There was a hue and cry. The car which hit him, disappeared after the road took a curvy shape, a few yards away from the accident spot. The crowd gathered and stood helpless. They started gossiping about the reckless driving and cursed the driver. Meanwhile, two school boys Ram and Sham were also going to school through the road. They saw Mehta uncle and understood that his condition was serious. Making no further delay, they called the ambulance and took him to a hospital. 

    Mehta uncle was totally cured now. He thanked Ram and Sham for saving his life. He blessed the boys and said, “People are more curious to know who did the mistake, but no one is interested to make it correct. It is easier said than done.”


3. H.S.L.C. 2018

Write a story in about 150 words using the outlines given belowand adding a title to it:

{Outline: Twelve fools start on a journey – cross a river – count themselves – each one not counting himself - each time counts eleven – passerby offers to produce the twelfth man – pays each fool a blow – counts twelve}

Mystery of Twelfth Fool

There lived an old man in a village. He had twelve sons, but they were very foolish and idle. The old man was very upset and worried. He advised them to get some work. Finally, they decided that they would travel along the country to find some profitable work.

 Accordingly, they set out on a journey to hunt some profitable work for them. For many a day, they kept on walking and left behind many villages and cities. One day they reached on the bank of a river. They had to swim across the river in order to go ahead. When they reached the other side, they thought that one of their brothers might be left behind and they should check it. The eldest brother counted but found eleven. He was horrified. Each one of them tried to find their lost brother, but could not. How could it be?

Actually, each time they were counting, they were omitting the one who was trying to make the tally. Thus skipped, the countingresulted a total of eleven. Then a passerby saw their trouble and understood their foolishness. He, in order to rescue them, gave a blow to each one of them and thus he made a tally of twelve. The brothers were happy to see their brother back. They, then thanked the stranger and happily restarted their journey. 

Moral: A foolish man makes a simple situation a terrible one,            

           whereas the wise make the hardest situation simpler.



 Important Substance Writing for Class 10 SEBA Metric Exam Assam 2021 | English Grammar

Important Substance Writing for Class 10 SEBA Metric Exam Assam 2021 | English Grammar
Important Substance Writing for Class 10 SEBA Metric Exam Assam 2021 



1. H.S.L.C. 2016


Give the substance of the following passage:      


It is very difficult to get rid of bad habits. So, one should be very careful that one does not form bad habits during the early years of life. idleness is one of such bad habits. Every boy and girl should be diligent. They should avoid idleness like poison. Some of them love to remain in bed long after day break and get out of bed most unwillingly. Even after that they waste time over trifles and spend as little time as they can in reading. As a result, they cannot learn much as they should.what is worse, they become so accustomed to such a bad habit that they cannot shake it off- even with their greatest efforts. This bad habit then holds them hard in its coils like a large snake.


Answer: Bad habits are very hard to eliminate from life. So, its formation must be prevented at an early age of life. For that, hard work is necessary. Idleness is such kind of poisonous bad habit, and it must be avoided. Waking up too late is perhaps a sign of such idleness. They like to spend time in fruitless deeds, but does not get involved in useful activities like reading etc. Because of which learning process is interrupted. If bad habits become a part of one’s life, that person cannot remove it, even if he or she wishes to do it so. 

2. H.S.L.C. 2017


Give the substance of the following passage:     


It is easy to acquire bad habits, such as eating too much food or eating too many sweets or drinking fluid of any kind or smoking. The more we do a thing, the more we tend to like doing it and if we do not continue to do it, we feel unhappy this is called the force of habit and the force of habit should be fought against. Things which may be very good when only done from time to time, tend to become very harmful when done too often and too much. This applies even to such goods things as work or rest. Some people form a habit of working too much and others of idling too much. The wise man always remembers that this is true about himself and checks any bad habit. He says to himself, “I am now becoming idle” or “I smoke too much” and then adds, “I will get myself out of this bad habit at once.”


Answer: Bad habits can be acquired easily simply by doing too much of one kind of activity again and again. Eating, drinking, smoking too much of one thing repeatedly is also a bad habit. The bad habits force us to do the thing or else we feel unhappy. So, we must fight against the force of bad habits. Everything is harmful if done or taken beyond a reasonable limit. It is immaterial whether it is good in nature or bad. For example, rest is good but not too much of it. A wise man is one who continuously checks on his habits and eliminate all such bad habits.


3. H.S.L.C. 2018


Give the substance of the following passage:   


Of all the amusements which can possibly be imagined for a hardworking man after his daily labour there is nothing like reading an entertaining book. It calls for no bodily exertion, of which he has had enough. It relives his home of dullness. It transports him to as livelier and more interesting scene. While he enjoys himself there, he may forget the evils of the present moment. Nay, it accompanies him to his next day’s work and if the book is an interesting one, it gives him something to think of besides the drudgery of his everyday occupation. If I were to pray for a taste it would be a taste for reading. Give a man this taste and the means of gratifying it, you will find a happy man. You place him in contact with the best writers of every age recorded in history and then you will find him like a citizen of all nations and a contemporary of all ages. 


Answer: Reading an entertainment book is perhaps the best refreshment after the daylong hardship of a hardworking man. It transforms all the dullness into liveliness and an interesting scenario. The book’s refreshing content helps him to forget the curtness of the present moment. The interesting books reenergize the man for his next day and also give him a chance to think beyond his narrow working environment. So, every man should be given the taste of reading an interesting book. And it will in turn create happy people. By giving a chance to the people to meet the great authors, they may be accustomed to live as a contemporary citizen of all world.


4. H.S.L.C. 2019


Give the substance of the following passage:   

The work which Gandhiji took up was not only the achievement of political freedom but also the establishment of a social order based on truth and nonviolence, unity and peace, equality and universal brotherhood and maximum freedom for all. The unfinished part of his experiment was perhaps more difficult to achieve than achieving of political freedom. In the political struggle against a foreign power all one could do was either join it or wish it success and give it their moral support. In establishing a social order of this pattern. There was a likely possibility of a conflict arising between groups and classes of our own people. Experience shows that man values his possessions even more than his life because in the former he sees the means for continuity and survival of his descendants even after body is reduced to ashes. A new order cannot be established without changing the mind, for at some stage or the other rich have to yield place to the poor to achieve a kind of egalitarian society.


Answer: Gandhi’s greater goal was not mere achieving political freedom but rather reforming the society cementing humane values like truth and nonviolence etc. however achieving that goal was not easy.  Because of the differences amongst the communities, there was every possibility of arising conflicts. Human beings are more enthusiastic to their possessions than their lives and therefore a social reform is not possible without changing the minds. The differences between the rich and the poor can be removed only if the rich opens up a place for the poor.


Important Comprehension Writing for Class 10 Metric Exam Assam 2021 | English Grammar


Important Comprehension Writing for Class 10 Metric Exam Assam 2021 | English Grammar

Important Comprehension Writing for Class 10 Metric Exam Assam 2021


HSLC 2015 COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS

English ants are nearly harmless and do little damage; but in some warmer countries ants not only do a great deal of damage but are a positive danger to living animals, even to human beings. Amongst those that do damage, the leaf-cutting ants of tropical America are perhaps are the worst. An army of these ants will strip the trees of a plantation of every leaf. The ants do not eat the leaves, but cutting them into small pieces the size of a sixpence, they carry them away to their nests where they are stored up in large chambers specially made for the purpose.     [H.S.L.C. 2015]

How are the English ants? 1

Answer: The English ants are harmless ants and do not do any damage. 

What do the ants do in some warmer countries? 1

Answer: In some warmer countries, ants do a great deal of damages and become a positive danger to living animals including man. 

Why are the leaf – cutting ants of tropical America the worst? 2

Answer: The leaf – cutting ants of America are the worst because these ants do great harm to the plantations. An army of such ants can strip every single leaf of the trees of the plantation baring the entire area. This baring of plantation can harm the farmers and they have to lose their crops. 


Marco polo is indeed one of the greatest explorers of all times. It was he who first made a route across Asia tochina and first told Europeans about the court at Peking.

Marco polo was the first European to describe Burma, Tibet and India and tell others of the customs and manners of the people. He talked to the Christians living in Abyssinia in Africa and describes the cold Arctic countries of the white bear, where people rode on reindeers and in dog sledges. 

What did Marco polo first tell Europeans? 1

Answer: Marco Polo first told Europeans about the court at Peking.

Where is white bear found? 1

Answer: White bear is found in the Arctic countries. 

What did Marco polo describe about the cold Arctic countries? 2

Answer: Marco polo described that white bears were found in the Arctic countries. There people rode on reindeers and in dog sledges.

Give the noun form of the ‘describe’.  1⁄2

Answer: The noun form of ‘describe’ is description.

Chose the correct alternatives ‘Explorer’ means1⁄2

a. Rider b.  Reader c. Discover d. founder

Day after day she watched the bus and gradually a tiny wish crept into her head and grew there. She wanted to ride on that bus. Even if just once. This wish becomes stronger and stronger, until it was an overwhelming desire.Valli would stare wistfully at the people who got on and off the bus when it stopped at the street corner. Their faces would kindle in her longings, dreams and hopes. If one of her friends happened to ride the bus and tried to describe the sight of the town to her, Valli would be too jealous to listen and would shout in English “proud, proud” neither she nor her friends really understood the meaning of the word. But they used it often as a slang expression of disapproval.

What as the tiny wish that crept into Valli’s head? 1

Answer: Valli’s tiny wish wasto ride on the bus that used to run between her village and the nearby town

What did she do when the tiny wish changed to an overwhelming desire? 2

Answer: When the tiny wish changed to an overwhelming desire, she started staring the people travelling in the bus. Valli would disapprove her friends who had a recent bus journey. 

Why did Valli use the word “proud”? 2

Answer: If any of Valli’s friends tried to describe the bus journey he or she had recently, she used the word “proud” as a slang expression of disapproval. 

It was a fine Sunday morning. Newton was reading a book at the foot of an apple tree in his garden. All of a sudden, a ripe apple dropped down from down from the tree. He picked it up with great joy. He looked at the fruit, intently struck with wonder. The fruit had been hanging from the branch so long, why should if fall as it did? Could it fall by itself, by its own strength? It could not do he argued; for was it not a lifeless thing, having no will of its own? After deep thought Newton discovered that the cause was ‘Nature Law of Gravitation’ and that the earth is like a great magnet.

What was Newton doing? 1

Answer: Newton was reading a book at the foot of an apple tree in his garden. 

What did he do with the fallen apple?     2

Answer: Newton picked up the fallen apple and stared it with wonder. He thought how a lifeless object could fall down from the tree.

What was the cause that he discovered? 2

Answer: Newton discovered that the cause was ‘Nature Law of Gravitation’ and that the earth is like a great magnet.


The first journey- what careful, painstaking, elaborate plans she had to make for it. She had thriftily saved whatever stray coins came her way, resisting every temptation to buy peppermints, toys, balloons, and the like, and finally she had saved a total of sixty paise. How difficult it had been, particularly that day at the village fair, but she had resolutely stifled a strong desire to ride the merry-go-round even though she had the money.

After she had enough money saved, her next problem was how to slip out the house without her mother’s knowledge, but she managed this without too much difficulty. Every day after lunch, her mother would nap from about one to four or so.Valli always used these hours for her ‘excursions’ as she stood looking from the doorway of her house or sometimes even vented  out into the village; today, these same hours could be used for first excursion outside the village.

How much money did Valli save? 1

Answer: Valli saved sixty paise.

How did she save money for her first bus journey? 2

Answer: Valli spend the bucks required for the bus journey by spending money carefully whatever stray coins came her way. She had to resist her temptation to buy peppermints, toys, balloons. She even had to overlook her strong desire to ride the merry go round in the village fair to save the sixty paise.

How did she solve the problem of slipping out of the house without her mother’s knowledge?    2

Answer: Valli’s mother used to nap from about one to four or so. Valli used these hours for her excursions. So Valli decided to use these hours to slip out of the house without her mother’s knowledge.


The fiercely independent people of Coorg are possibly of Greek or Arabic descent. As story goes, a part of Alexander’s army moved south along the coast and settled here when return became impractical. These people married amongst the locals and their culture is apparent in the martial traditions, marriage and religious rites, which are distinct from the Hindu mainstream. The theory of Arab origin draws support from the long, black coat with embroidered waist-belt worn by the Kodavus, known as Kuppia; it resembles the Kuffia worn by the Arabs and the Kurds.

Of which descent are the people of Coorg? 1

Answer: The people of Coorg are of Greek or Arabic descent.

What is the story about the Greek origin of the people of Coorg? 2

Answer: There are two different opinions of the historians regarding the descendents of Kodavu people. One theory draws that the corgi people are descendents of Greek people, whereas the other theory supported that they were of Arabic descent.  As per a story, a part of Alexander’s army moved south along the coast and got settled there when return became impossible. 


What is the theory in support of the Arab origin of the Coorgi people? 2

Answer: The theory of Arab origin draws support from the long black coat with an embroidered waist belt worn by the Kodavus which is similar to Kuffia worn by the Arabs.


H.S.L.C. 2015 

UNSEEN

The great advantage of early rising is that one can start one’s work long before others. The early riser has done a large amount of hard work before other men have got out of bed. Early in the morning the mind is fresh and no sounds or noise disturb our attention. The work done at that time is generally well done. Also, one finds time to take some exercise in the fresh morning air. Exercise supplies him with a good deal of energy that enables him to work hard until the evening. By beginning so early, he knows that he has plenty of time to do his work thoroughly. He does not have to hurry over any part of his work. He gets to sleep long before midnight. At that time sleep is more refreshing after a night’s sound rest, he rises early next morning in good health ready for the labor of a new day.

What advantage does an early riser have over others?     1

Answer: an early riser has a great advantage of starting one’s work much earlier before a late riser can. 

Why should one take exercise in the morning and begin one’s work so early? 2

Answer: Taking some exercise in the fresh morning air supply a person with energy which enables him to work hard until the evening. If one begins so early one has plenty of time to do one’s work thoroughly.

What are the uses of going to sleep long before midnight?  2

Answer: By going to sleep long before midnight helps to get refreshing sleep. After having a sound sleep, one can rise early and have a healthy start next day.


HSLC 2016, 2018

UNSEEN

Paper is one of the most important articles that we use in our day to day life. If there had been no paper our civilization would not have progressed so fast. Great scientists write their thoughts on paper first and then they carry out their experiments. Great engineers draw their plans on paper first and then build houses, bridges, dams, and so on. Great thoughts are written or printed on paper for everyone to read. If there were no paper we would not have all the good books that are available in the world. Without paper it would be difficult for the people of one country to know about the people of another country.      


Mention three uses of paper.                                        1

Answer: Paper has great uses for the civilization. Scientists work out their new inventions, engineers draw their plans and great thoughts are either written or printed on paper.

Why is paper the most essential thing for mankind?        2

Answer: It is the paper on which great thoughts are first written or printed. From scientists to engineers, they put their workings first onto the paper. Our civilization has progressed greatly because of paper as thoughts of one generation to the next can be transferred through paper. In fact, paper writes the fate of the mankind, so paper is a most essential thing for the mankind.

What would have happened if there were no paper?       2

Answer: If there were no paper, great books could not be made available to the people. One country could never know about the people of another country. Even great thoughts could never be brought into reality. It also had hampered the works of scientists and engineers and other thought makers. 

SEEN

It was a new bus, its outside painted a gleaming white with some green strips along the sides. Inside, the overhead bars shone like silver. Directly in front of Valli above the windshield there was a beautiful clock. The seats were soft and luxurious.

   Valli devoured everything with her eyes. But when she started to look outside, she found her view cut off by a canvas blind that covered the lower part of her window. So, she stood up and peered over the blind.

    The bus was now going along the bank of a canal. The road was narrow. On one side there was the canal and beyond it, palm trees, grassland, distant mountains and the blue, blue sky. On the other side were a deep ditch and then acres and acres of green field – green, green, green as far as eyes could see.    


What was the inside of the bus like?                        2

Answer: As the bus was a new one the overhead bars inside the bus were shining like silver. Above the windshield there stuck a beautiful clock. The seats were soft and luxurious. 

Why did Valli stand up on the seat?                         1

Answer: Valli had to stand up on the seat as her outside view was cut off by a canvas blind.   

What could be seen outside as the bus was going along the bank of a canal?                                       2

Answer: On one side of the canal one could see the palm trees, grassland, distant mountains and the blue sky. Where on the other side there was a deep ditch and acres of green field beyond it. 

HSLC 2017

UNSEEN

Trees help to support man’s life by supplying the atmosphere with oxygen which is essential to life. The oxygen in the air is constantly being used up and turned into carbon-di-oxide which is the food that plants ‘eat’. The leaves of trees in fact of all green plants absorb this carbon-di-oxide and with the help of sunlight break it down into carbon and oxygen. The carbon is used to make starch and the oxygen is released into the air, so replacing the oxygen used up by animals. But for this, animals would soon die for lack of oxygen.

Starch and other carbon compounds made in the green leaves of trees and of other green plants too, serve as food for animals. The tiny green cells of plants are wonderful laboratories which produce all the starch in the world. But for this service done by plants, all animals would sooner or later die for lack of food. 

What is the food that the plants ‘eat’? 1

Answer: The food that the plants ‘eat’ is carbon-di-oxide.

How do the green cells of plants serve the animals?2

Answer: The green cells of plants absorb this carbon-di-oxide and with the help of sunlight break it down into carbon and oxygen. The carbon is used to make starch and the oxygen is released into the air, so replacing the oxygen used up by animals.

How do the leaves of trees break down carbon-di-oxide into carbon and oxygen? 2

Answer: The leaves of trees absorb the carbon-di-oxide and with the help of sunlight break it down into carbon and oxygen.


SEEN

In life every man has twin obligations- obligation to his family, to his parents, to his wife and children; and he has an obligation to his people, his community, and his country. In a civil and humane society, each man is able to fulfill those obligations according to his own inclinations and abilities. But in a country like South Africa, it was almost impossible for a man of my birth and colour to fulfill those obligations. In South Africa, a man of colour who attempted to live as a human being was punished and isolated. In South Africa, a man who tried to fulfill his duty to his people was inevitably ripped from his family and his home and was forced to live a life apart, a twilight existence of secrecy and rebellion. I did not in the beginning choose to place my people above my family, but in attempting to serve my people, I found that I was prevented from fulfilling my obligations as a son, a brother, a father and a husband.

What was done to a man of colour in South Africa who attempted to live as a human being? 1

Answer: In South Africa, a man of colour who attempted to live as a human being was punished and isolated.

What are the twin obligations that every man has in life? 2

Answer: Every man has two obligations in his life, one to his family, to his parents, to his wife and children and another to his people, his community, and his country.

What did the speaker find when he attempted to serve his people? 2

Answer: When the speaker attempted to serve his people, he found that he wasprevented from fulfilling his obligations as a son, a brother, a father and a husband.

HSLC 2019

UNSEEN

A good book always teaches us something, in fact many things directly or indirectly if the mind is willing to learn. Books are the best companion; they also give us the best society. They help us in establishing contact with many great men. We hear what such men said and did; through books we even see them as if they were alive. As we read, we share great thoughts with great minds, we hope and grieve with great men. The scenes in which they appeared are described for us and as we turn the pages we come to know what nobleness is. Books work as agents and help us in being better than we are. Books should, therefore, be treated as friends and guides.

How can books teach us?    1   

 Answer: Books teach us many things directly or indirectly.

How can one share the great thoughts through books?2

Answer: Great books are the mirrors of the minds of the great people. So, by reading their books, one can share great thoughts with great minds. It helps to experience what great men said and did, by establishing contact with many great men.

Why should books be treated as friends and guides?2

Answer: Books help people to know what nobleness is. Books also helps people to improve themselves so that they can become better than they are. So, books should be treated as friends and guides.


SEEN

“No one really knows who discovered tea but there are many legends.”

“What legends?”

“Well, there is one about the Chinese Emperor who always boiled water before drinking it. One day a few leaves of the twigs burning under the pot fell into the water giving it a delicious flavor. It is said they were tea leaves.”

“Tell me another!” scoffed Pranjol.

“We have an Indian legend too, Bodhidharma, an ancient Buddhist ascetic, cut off his eyelids because he felt sleepyduring meditations. Ten tea plants grew out of the eyelids. The leaves of these plants when put in hot water and drunk banished sleep.”

“Tea was first drunk in China,” Rajvir added, “as far back as 2700 BC! In fact, words such as tea, ‘Chai’ and ‘Chini’ are from Chinese. Tea came to Europe only in the sixteenth century and was drunk more as medicine than as beverage.”

How was tea drunk in Europe in the sixteenth century? 2 Answer: Tea came to Europe in the sixteenth century. It was drunk more as medicine than as a beverage in Europe.

What is the Chinese legend about tea? 2

Answer: The first legend is called the Chinese legend. According to this legend regarding discovery of tea that one ofthe Chinese emperors always used to drink water by boiling it. One day a few leaves of the twigs burning under the pot fell into water. Then the water gave a delicious flavour. It is said the leaves were tea leaves.

What is the Indian legend about tea? 2

Answer: Indian legend tells that once upon a time there was an ancient Buddhist ascetic named Bodhidhama in India. He cut off his eyelids because he felt sleepy during meditations. Then the plants grew out of the eyelids. The leaves of these plans when put into hot water and drunk vanished sleep. 


HSLC 2020

UNSEEN

Three-fourth of the Earth is covered by the sea which both separates and unites the various races of mankind. The sea is the great highway along which man may travel at his will, the great road that has no walls or hedges hemming in. Nobody needs to keep it in good repair with the help of pickaxe and barrel tar and steamrollers. The sea appeals to man’s love of the perilous and unknown, to his love of conquest, his love of knowledge and his love of gold. The blue waters call him and bid him fare forth in quest of fresh fields. Beyond their horizon he has found danger and death, glory and gain.

How much of our planet is not covered by the sea?      1

Answer: One-fourth of our planet is not covered by the sea.

How does the sea help man?      2

Answer: Sea separates as well as unites the mankind. It provides a roadway to different countries free of cost without any boundary limit. Interestingly, the mankind has to invest no money to repair or maintain the seaway. 

In what way does the sea appeal to man?      2

Answer: The sea appeals to man’s love of the perilous and unknown, to his love of conquest, his love of knowledge and his love of gold. By conquering the sea, the mankind can explore fresh fields and even they can mark a glorious victory. 


SEEN

The river, Kaveri, obtains its water from the hills and forests of Coorg. Mahaseer – a large fresh water fish – abound in these waters. Kingfishers dive for their catch, while squirrels and langurs drop partially eaten fruit for the mischief of enjoying the splash and the ripple effect in the clear water. Elephants enjoy being bathed and scrubbed in the river by their mahouts.

   The most laidback individuals become converts to the life of high energy adventure with river rafting, canoeing, rappelling, rock climbing and mountain biking. Numerous walking trails in this region are a favourite with trekkers.

From where does the river Kaveri obtain its water?         1

Answer: The river Kaveri obtains its water from the hills 

    and forests of Coorg.

How do the birds and beasts enjoy in the stream of Kaveri? ` 2

Answer: The kingfishers dive for their catch of large Mahaseer – a fresh water fish. Squirrels and langurs drop half eaten fruits to create a splash and then enjoy the ripple effect. Elephants enjoy a bath in the river Kaveri.

Name the various sports favorite with the visitors to this place? 2

Answer: The various sports favorite with the visitors are river rafting, canoeing, rappelling, rock climbing and mountain biking. The trekkers like the numerous walking trails of this region.