Tuesday, 7 July 2020


Lesson 2 | Class 7 | Uruka Aventure all the questions and answers | SCERT

Lesson 2 | Class 7 | Uruka Aventure all the questions and answers | SCERT
Lesson 2 : Uruka Adventure


1. Let’s see how much you have understood the story. Answer the questions:

(a) Who was the leader of the boys in their adventure on uruka night?
Answer: Mahendra, lovingly called Mahen by his friends, was the leader of the boys in their adventure on uruka night.

(b) What were the name of Mahen’s friends?
Answer: Sanju, Nantu, Rinku and Ruman were Mahen’s friends.

(c) What did they propose to Mahen on uruku night?
Answer: They proposed that Mahen should lead them in an Uruka Adventure.

(d) What was the age old custom that Mahen was reffering to?

Answer: Mahen was reffering to “Uruka Night” in bhelghars, which the people of Assam celebrate during the harvest festivel “Magh Bihu”.


(e) What was Mahen’s reaction to their proposal?
Answer: After hearing their proposal Mahen jumped up excitedly and looked at his friends with an air of authority.

(f) What did the boys do after the feast?
Answer: After the feast everyone left for their homes, but the boys stayed behind the big fire. And when it was past midnight, Mahen commanded the boys to follow him in their nocturnal adventure. He led them to Shantiram’s vegetable garden, his garden was full of seasonal vegetables.


(g) Who was Shantiram?
Answer: Shantiram was a retired army man and farming was his hobby. His garden was full of seasonal vegetables.


(h) Why was Shantiram sitting wrapped in a black blanket? Where was Shantiram sitting?
Answer: Shantiram was sitting wrapped in a black blanket, to deter any kind of stealing from his garden.

 He was sitting like a black heap on his garden waiting for such adventurers.


(i) What was the black heap of garbage that Mahen noticed?
Answer: The black heap of garbage which Mahen noticed was the retired army Shantiram.


(j) What made the night appear more haunting?
Answer: The night appears more haunting because it was very cold january night, Besides a small species of owl known as nightjar was screeching eerily at regular intervals.


(k) Why did the boys run away from the garden?
Answer:The adventurers boys run away because they saw a black heap of garbage coming towards them speedily.


(l) What happened when the boys were about to pick the vegetables?
Answer: When the adventurers boys were just about to pick the vegetables from the Shantiram’s garden, suddenly the black heap of garbage jerked up and dashed towards them at great speed.


(m) Who did the boys think chased them?

Answer: The boys ran frantically because they thought that a ghost is chasing them.

2. Here are some of the events that happened on the uruka night, but they are not arranged in the proper order.

Arrange the sentences in the proper sequence and then read the lessons to check your answer.

Questions: 
(a) Mahen saw something like a black heap of garbage in the middle of the garden.
(b) Shantiram ran towards the boys when the boys were about to pick the vegetables
(c) Sanju, Nantu, Rinku, Ruman and Mahen planned an adventure on uruka night
(d) The boys ran frantically out of the garden, scared that the ghost was after them.
(e) Just past midnight, the five boys headed towards Shantiram's vegetable garden.

ANSWERS IN PROPER SEQUENCE

(c) Sanju, Nantu, Rinku, Ruman and Mahen planned an adventure on uruka night. 
(e) Just past midnight, the five boys headed towards Shantiram's vegetable garden. 
(a) Mahen saw something like a black heap of garbage in the middle of the garden.
(b) Shantiram ran towards the boys when the boys were about to pick the vegetables. 
(d) The boys ran frantically out of the garden, scared that the ghost was after them.


3. Look at the words in the two boxes below. One contains the names and the other contains their descriptions. Match the words to their descriptions and write them in your notebooks.

Lesson 2 | Class 7 | Uruka Aventure all the questions and answers | SCERT
Uruka adventure questions answers




4. Here are some words from the lesson. Match the words with their meaning to check your understanding.


Lesson 2 | Class 7 | Uruka Aventure all the questions and answers | SCERT



5.Read the lessons once again and write in the box the name(s) of the person/people who said the lines given below. In which paragraph does each sentence occur?

Lesson 2 | Class 7 | Uruka Aventure all the questions and answers | SCERT



6. Let’s learn some grammar:

(a) Read the following two sentences:

(i) We will spend the nigh in our bhelaghar.
(ii) We’ll carry as much vegetables as possible.

Note the following
(i) We can write we will as we’ll
(ii) We’ll is a shorter form of we will.

Now rewrite the following sentences using the short form of will.

      (i) Mahen said, "We will make a bhelaghar."
           Answer: Mahen said, "We'll make a bhelaghar."

      (ii) They will spend the night in the bhelaghar.
            Answer: They'll spend the night in the bhelaghar.

      (iii) Sanju thought, "When everyone is asleep, I will pick vegetables."
            Answer: Sanju thought, "When everyone is asleep, I'll pick vegetables."

      (iv) Mahen said, "We will help each other to cook the food."
            Answer: Mahen said, "We'll help each other to cook the food."

      (v) They will have an uruka adventure.
            Answer: They'll have an uruka adventure. 


(b) Now read the following sentences:

(i) We’ll carry as much as possible in our hands.
(ii) I shall wait to see who comes to steal my vegetables.

Note the following:

We use words like will and shall to talk about something that is going to happen in the future.

(c)Note the difference in meaning between the first two sentences and the third:

(i) We will spend the night in the bhelaghar.
(ii) We shall go and pick vegetables.
(iii) We spent the night in the bhelaghar.

The first two sentences express future time and the third sentence expresses past time.

(d) Note the forms of negative sentences:
(i) We will not spend the night in the bhelaghar.
(ii) We did not spend the night in the bhelaghar.

We use will not or won’t and did not or didn’t to express a negative meaning.

Now check your grammar. Rewrite these sentences by changing the underlined verbs to express future time.

(i)Mahen called his friends to his house.
(ii) Mahen jumped up in joy.
(iii) They decided to celebrate uruka together.
(iv) They planned to hold the feast in Mahen’s houuse.
(v) We went to pick vegetables from Shantiram’s garden.

7. Read the story and write down the words ending with -ly. One is done for you.

(a) Excitedly
(b) Gleefully
(c)Frantically
(d)Eerily

8(a) Read the paragraphs given below carefully. They describe what the friends did on Uruka night.

All the words highlighted in italics bold refer to actions that took place in the past.

Mahen and his friends decided to hold a feast together. They planned to hold the feast at Mahen’s compound. Mahen and sanju said that they would do the shopping for the feast at the nearby market. Mahen’s friends Nantu and Rinku suggested that they should cook for the feast themselves.

Rumon offered to cook the vegetables and the fish. Sanju and Nantu said that they would cook the rice, the lentils and the chicken. The five friends proposed that they would spend the entire night at Mahen’s compound.

As planned earlier, the five boys built a big shed using straw and bamboo. Rumon’s uncle helped them with the task. The boys joyfully cooked for the feast with a little supervision and help from Mahen’s mother. When the feast was over, Mahen commanded his friends to follow him on their nocturnal adventure. They made straight for Shantiram’s house at the end of the lane. The five friends tiptoed into his garden after crossing the nongola. Suddenly, they saw a black heap of garbage in the middle of the rows of vegetables. They thought it was inert and harmless. But when they boys stretched their hands to pick the vegetables, the heap suddenly moved. To their utter horror, they discovered it was none other than Shantaram himself, covered in a black blanket. Terrified, they fled from the scene. What a narrow escape they had?

Now sit in groups. Then, using verbs in similar forms, tell the groups how you celebrated one of your festivels this year. Did you have an adventure like Mahen or was it a rather ordinary experience for you?

Remember to include the following points to describe your experience:
1) How you planned for the festivel
2) With whom you celebrated it
3) What was prepared for the festivel
4) What you ate and who did the cooking
5) What adventures you had with your friends.
(b) Name a festivel that all indians celebrate in the month of january. Discuss with your partner and write a few lines on it.

(9) Read the verbs in column A and write their past forms in Column B, as ashown in the example:

Buy – Bought
Catch – caught
Teach – taught
Bring – Brought
Fight – Fought

10. What did you notice about the words in Column B above?
Notice that the ‘ght’ in all the past forms is pronounced as the ‘t’ is pronounced in ‘cot’.

Can you think of more words ending with ‘ght’? Work with a friend practise saying aloud the words you have listed.



Saturday, 4 July 2020

Lesson 1: Hobbies all questions and answers Class 7 | ENGLISH | SCERT


Lesson 1 | Hobbies All questions and answers | Class 7 | SCERT
Hobbies | Questions and answers| Class 7



We all love to occupy ourselves with different activities in our free time. We Love to play different types of games. We love to sing and dance, draw and paint, read books and travel. These activities gives us pleasure. As people say, all work and no play can make our life dull. There should be combination of work and play that makes our life happy. Activities which gives us fun and joy are hobbies.

Hobbies Questions & Answers


1. Let’s find out how much we have understood:

(a) What is a hobby?
Answer: Hobbies are something that we do regularly for pleasure in our free time.Hobbies gives us fun and joy.

(b) What do hobbies give us?
Answer: Hobbies gives us fun and joy it makes our life happy.

 (c) What is Philately? This question has another part please find it in the textbook.
Answer: Philately means the collecting and study of stamps .

(d) What is Irfan's hobby? What does he like to do?
Answer: Irfan’s likes to paint. His hobby is painting.He always carry his art material while visiting different places.

 (e) Name a few indoor and outdoor hobbies.
Answer: The list of indoor and outdoor hobby is given below-

 Indoor hobbies: Collecting Stamps and Coins, Listening To music, and reading books.

       Outdoor hobbies: Gardening, traveling, swimming, trekking, and photography.

(f) What is a kitchen garden?
Answer: A small area in the backyard where you grow all kinds of vegetables for your own use is kitchen garden.

 (g) "Every morning I water the plants and clean the beds."- What does 'beds' mean here?
Answer: Beds is an area of ground where plants and flowers are grown.



2. A synonym is a word that has the same or nearly the same meaning as another word. Example: happy - joyful.

From the given option below, choose words which are synonyms of the given words, and write each synonym next to the word in the blanks below :

(a) Joy - Happiness   (b) Beautiful - Pretty
(c) active - Energetic  (d) Leisure - free time
(e) start - Begin  (f) Develop - Evolve

3. Look at the picture of the objects given below. Each object is related to an activity.

Write the name of the object and the related activity in the space provided. one has been done for you.

Answer
(a) Guitar : Singing (b) Bat : Playing (c) Cycle : riding (d) Pen : Writing (e) Book : Reading
(f) Boat : Sailing

4. Parveen's Hobby is baking. Fill in the blanks in the paragraph below with words that rhyme with bake, such as shake :

(a) Juri said to Parveen, "please tell me how to bake a cake."
(b) Parveen replied, "preheat the oven to 350F and gather all the ingredients you need to bake a cake.
(c) Take 2 cups of flour, 4 eggs, 1 cup sugar, 1 cup butter or oil, 1 teaspoon baking powder, and vanilla essence.
(d) You will need a cake pan and a sieve too. Put the flour and baking powder into the sieve.
(e) Shake the sieve to remove lumps, if any. Cream the butter and sugar.
(f) Add a few drops of vanilla essence. Take care to make the mixture light and creamy. Beat in the eggs and shake them one at a time.
(g) Add the dry mixture to the wet mixture little by little. Don't forget to grease the cake pan and dust it with flour.
(h)  Then Take the smooth mixture and pour it into the pan. Place the mixture in the oven till your cake turns golden brown. "

6. Roktim’s hobby is traveling. He loves visiting places. He always prepares his itinerary before traveling. He leaves his itinerary with his mother. His mother knows where he is by looking at his itinerary. Read his itinerary.

Personal Travel
Destination: Majuli, Assam
Duration of Stay: 2 days
Date of departure: 10 November
Date of arrival: 12 November
Place of stay: Maihang lodge, Kamalabari Tini Ali
What to do: Visit Satras, enjoy Raas Utsav, visit local markets

An itinerary is a plan of a journey, It is a travel plan – where you will go, when you will be there, what you will do, etc.

Now, think of a place you want to visit during your vacation and prepare your itinerary:

Destination: Goa, India
Duration of stay: 10 Days
Date of departure: 4 June
Date of arrival: 14 June
Place of stay: Goa Lodge,
What to do: Visit Goa Velha, Palolem Beach, Panaji, Anjuna

7. Read this sentence. Note the part of the sentence in Italics.

A happy person is usually as busy as a bee.

The part of the sentence in italics is called an idiom. It means ‘very busy’.
The use of common idioms makes English appear more natural.

Some common English idioms are –

(a) A blessing in disguise
(b) Bag and baggage
(c) Beat about the bush

Try to use these idioms in sentences of your own. You can look up the dictionary to learn its meaning.

(a) Rohit was sad because he missed his flight but it was a Blessing in Disguise when he came to know that the plane crashed.

(b) Mr. Sharma tenant left, bag, and baggage, without paying the rent.

(c) Will you please stop beating about the bush and get to the point?

8. In class VI you learned that we can make a new word by adding a suffix, i.e., a letter or a group of letters at the end of a word. In the exercise below, write the new words by adding – met at the end of the words. One is done for you.

Suffix: A letter or a group of letters added at the end of a word is called a suffix.

Answer: (i) advancement (ii) treatment (iii) Encouragement (iv) entertainment

Now read the lesson and write in the box the words ending with the following suffixes :

(a) -ion = Combination , competition , collection , communication , relaxation .
(b) –ing = Listening, reading, gardening, traveling, swimming, trekking, playing, painting, singing, morning, planting, watering, seeding, working, learning, collecting, entertaining, relaxing.
(c) –ment = Department , advancement .

9. Read the lesson and locate the sentences where the following phrasal verbs beginning with ‘take’ occur. Then write the sentences in the space given below the word web.
a) I take out my harmonium and play tunes in it.
b) I take out my paint box and brush and keep myself busy.
c) I take out the stamps from the envelopes and stick them in an album.




Friday, 3 July 2020

Chandraprabha Saikiani all questions and answers class 8 | SCERT | ASSAM

Lesson 8 Chandraprabha Saikiani all questions and answers | SCERT | Assam
Chandraprabha Saikiani | Class 8


1. Answer the following questions from the lesson to check your comprehension:

(a) Who was Chandraprabha Saikiani?

Answer: Chandraprabha Saikiani was a renowned social reformer from Assam who fought to make formal education available for girls.She fought when society did not allow girls to step out of home.

(b) What did Chandraprabha do to educate the girls of her village?

Answer: During the time when society did not allow girls to step out of home, Chandraprabha realised that girls had to fight a hard battle to receive an education as good as that received by boys. So, after school, she would gather other girls and teach them what she had learnt during the day. In this way she educated the girls of her village.

(c) Which two incidents show us how Chandraprabha fought for the rights of girls?

Answer: The two incidents which show us that how she fought for the rights of girls are as follows :
(i) In those days girls weren’t admitted into the hostel unless they converted to Christianity. Chandraprabha vehemently opposed this and the school authorities were compelled to allow girls of all religions to avail the hostel facilities.
(ii) Chandraprabha saikiani in the year 1925 challenged the prevailing custom of women sitting behind a bamboo screen in public meetings.

(d) On what occasion did Chandraprabha Saikiani inspire women to come out from behind the bamboo screen?

Answer: Chandraprabha Saikiani Inspired women in the year 1925 to come out from behind the bamboo screen, when she vehemently opposed the prevailing custom of women sitting behind a bamboo screen in public meetings. In the Assam Sahitya Sabha held in that same year she delivered a very powerful speech and demanded the removal of the bamboo screen that was placed between men and women.

(e) What steps did Chandraprabha take to eliminate the caste system?
Answer: Chandraprabha Saikiani was greatly affected by the deep rooted caste system in India. In Assam, she took matters into her own hands. She eliminated the caste system by taking radical steps. She fought for the entry of everyone, irrespective of caste, gender and class, into the famous Hayagriva Madhava temple at Hajo.


(f) What was Chandraprabha Saikiani's role in the freedom movement of India?
Answer: Chandraprabha Saikiani was inspired by Mahatma Gandhi to join the freedom movement. From 1930 onwards she immersed herself in the freedom movement. She spread the message of Khadi, boycott of foreign clothes, removal of untouchability, banning of opium and other social evils. She was imprisoned thrice but nothing could dampen her indomitable patriotic spirit. Whenever she saw any injustice, her rebellious spirit rose to the occasion.


2. Work in pairs and complete the following sentences with information from the lesson:

(a) At a time when society did not allow young girls to step out of home, she fought to make formal education available for girls.

(b) In those days girls' school did not exist, so Chandraprabha and her sister did not mind wading through mud to attend a school which only had boys.

(c) Chandraprabha and her sister were awarded a scholarship to study in Nagaon Mission school.

(d) In order to eliminate the evils of the caste system, Chandraprabha fought for the entry of everyone irrespective of caste, gender, and class, into the famous Hayagriva Madhava Temple at Hajo.

(e) Being inspired by Mahatma Gandhi, Chandraprabha also joined the freedom movement and spread the message of khadi and several other things for the cause of the movement.

3. Read the following sentences and find a word from the text to replace the underlined part.

(a) Chandraprabha Saikiani was a renowned social worker from Assam.(famous and respected).  
(b) She tried to get rid of all the taboos against women that prevailed during those days.(cultural or religious restrictions)  
(c) Chandraprabha Challenged the prevailing custom of women sitting behind bamboo screens in public meetings.(refused to accept and questioned)
  (d) She was Staunchy against society's restriction and her protest against the norms of society was not confined to a particular incident.(strong in her attitude)  
(e) Whenever she saw any injustice, Rebellious spirit rose to the occasion.(her desire to resist authority).

4. Listen to your teacher read out the first paragraph of the lesson. As you listen, complete the table below with information about Chandraprabha Saikiani:

(a) Chandraprabha Saikiani: A Renowned social reformer from Assam.
(b) Birth : 16 March 1901
(c) Father: Ratiram Mazumdar.
(d) Mother: Gangapriya.
(e) Sister: Rajaniprabha
(f) School: A School which only had boys.

5. There are seven paragraphs in the lesson Chandraprabha Saikiani. Choose the appropriate description for each paragraph.

(a) The first paragraph is about:
   (i) Chandraprabha Saikiani's childhood
   (ii) Chandraprabha Saikiani's birth as a social reformer
   (iii) Chandraprabha Saikiani's career as a school teacher
 Answer: (ii)Chandraprabha Saikiani's birth as a social reformer

(b) The second paragraph is about
    (i) Chandraprabha Saikiani's preparation to be a school teacher
    (ii) Girl's education vs boy's education
    (iii) Chandraprabha Saikiani's efforts to get an education just like the boys of her village
Answer: (ii) Girl's education vs boy's education 

(c) The third paragraph is about:
     (i) her fight for freedom
     (ii) her fight for the rights of girls
     (iii) her fight against British rule
Answer: (ii) her fight for the rights of girls 


(d) The fourth paragraph is about
     (i) formation of Assam Pradeshik Mahila Samiti
     (ii) Chandraprabha Saikiani's protest against restrictions imposed on women
     (iii) Chandraprabha Saikiani's speech at the Assam Sahitya Sabha meeting
Answer: All of the above 

(e) The fifth paragraph is about:
      (i) the caste system of India
      (ii) Chandraprabha Saikiani's visit to Hajo
      (iii) Chandraprabha Saikiani's protest against the caste system
Answer: (i) the caste system of India, and  (iii) Chandraprabha Saikiani's protest against the caste system.

(f) The sixth paragraph is about:
      (i) Chandraprabha Saikiani's meeting with Mahatma Gandhi
      (ii) Chandraprabha Saikiani as the freedom fighter
      (iii) the punishment Chandraprabha Saikiani received for being a freedom fighter
Answer: All of the above 

(g) The seventh paragraph is about:
      (i) Chandraprabha Saikiani's rebellious spirit
      (ii) Chandraprabha Saikiani's imprisonment
      (iii) Chandraprabha Saikiani's motivation to join the freedom movement
Answer: None of the above

6. Discuss in groups and share what you have learnt:

(a) The condition of women during the days of Chandraprabha Saikiani
Answer: During the days of Chandraprabha Saikiani society did not allow girls to step out of home. She and her sister Rajaniprabha were so eager to study that they had to attend a school which only had boys and it was situated several kilometers away.During that time the girls had to fight a hard battle to receive an education as good as that received by boys.In those days the girls were not admitted into the hostel unless they converted to Christianity.

(b) Chandraprabha Saikiani’s role in the freedom movement.
Answers: Check answer no.(f) of Q.1

7. Let’s learn some grammar: 
In this lesson you have come across verbs that use ‘to’ before them-
(a) She was inspired to join in the freedom movement.
The form “to join” is a non-finite verb generally known as the to-infinitive.

The to-infinitive can also be used as the subject of a sentence as in-
(b) To keep the guests waiting is not good.
It can also be used as the complement of a sentence-
(d) It is not good to keep the guest waiting.

Now practise using the to-infinitive.
Combine these sentences by using to-infinitives. The first one is done for you-

(a) I will visit the book fair. I will buy a few novels.
I will visit the book fair to buy a few novels.
(b) We are going to puri tomorrow. We will visit the Jagannath Temple there.
We are going to puri tomorrow to visit the Jagannath temple there.
(c) She started a small school for girls. She would help them to overcome the taboo against women.
She started a small school for girls to help them overcome the taboo against women.
(d) She delivered  very powerful speech. She demanded the removal of the prevailing customs of women sitting behind between bamboo screens.
She delivered very powerful speech to remove the prevailing customs of women sitting behind between bamboo screens.
(e) She and her sister were awarded a scholarship. They will study in Nagaon Mission School.

8. You must have come across English words which have different forms. One word can be used to form several other words, and such words usually go to a different word class. For example, Look at the following word web where you will see different forms of the word beauty.

9.(a) Have you ever read of CEDAW? The full form of CEDAW is the Convention of elimination of all forms of Discrimination against Women. CEDAW is an international treaty adopted in 1979 by the United Nations General Assembly. Described as an internal bill of rights for women, CEDAW was ratified by 189 countries. Some of the important features of CEDAW are:

- Government shall take concrete steps to eliminate discrimination against women
- Governments shall take all appropriate measures to ensure that women can enjoy basic human rights and fundamental freedoms
- Governments shall take appropriate measures to eliminate sexist stereotypes.
- Women will have the right of vote, to participate in forming and implementing government policies.
- Women will have the right to represent the country at an international level. 
-Women and girls should receive career and vocational guidance and have acces to education opportunities at par with men or boys.




Thursday, 2 July 2020

Lesson 7: Sympathy by Charles Mackay all Questions and Answers | SCERT | ENGLISH


Lesson 7 Sympathy by Charles Mackay all questions and answers | SCERT
Poem Sympathy By Charles Mackay


1. Read the poem and choose the correct options to complete the sentences.

a)The poet was in deep sorrow. A proud man came and helped him by

i.    offering him kind words
ii.    ignoring him
iii.    giving him gold
iv.    giving him pleasant company
Answer: (iii) giving him gold 

b)When the poet lay in want and grief, the one who helped him was
i.    a rich man
ii.    a poor man
iii.    a proud man
iv.    a holy man
Answer: (ii) a poor man 

c)    The poor man gave the poet

i.    a cold look
ii.    sympathy
iii.    gold
iv.    not a kind word
Answer: (ii) sympathy 

d)    When the poet’s sorrow passed, he went to the proud man and

i.    gave him back the gold
ii.    ignored him
iii.    didn’t give back the gold
iv.    helped him
Answer: (i) gave him back the gold 

e)    The poet refers to sympathy as ‘heavenly’ because of sympathy
i.    is a feeling found in proud people
ii.    is found only in rich people
iii.    is an ordinary human feeling
iv.    is a blessing from God
Answer: (iv) is a blessing from God 

2.(a) Here are some questions to help you find out how much you have understood the poem:

i. How did the proud person help the poet when the poet was unhappy?
Answer: The proud person helped the poet with money when he was unhappy.

ii. What did the poor man do when he found the poet lying in pain and sadness?
Answer: When the poet was laying in pain and sadness, the poor man saw him and took care of him. He also offered him food to restore the poet’s health. He took great care of the poet until the poet regained his health.

iii. Why does the poet think that he cannot help the man back in the same way?
Answer: The poet wonders how to repay an act of selfless kindness. He realises that having money to repay a debt is a great thing, but kindness is a heavenly act that cannot be easily repaid.

iv. Why is the poor man’s help greater than gold?
Answer:The poor man’s help greater than gold because his way of help was a heavenly act where the proud man offered him money, but did not offer any words of sympathy.


(v).“Oh, gold is great but greater far
Is heavenly sympathy.”
Why does the poet think so?
Answer: The poet think so because he realises that having money to repay a debt is a great thing,


b)Find in the poem lines that match the meaning of the following sentences.

i) I was sad and unhappy. – I lay in sorrow, deeply distressed.

ii) I was in need and was sad and hurt. – I lay in want, and grief, and pain.

iii) He fed me and took care of me. – He bound my head, he gave me bread, He watched me night and day.

iv) Gold is valuable but sympathy and love are far more valuable. - Oh, gold is great but greater far
Is heavenly sympathy.

c) Make sentences with the following phrases:

i) look were cold: Rich man looks were cold.
ii) night and day: Ram is very hard working he works night and day.
iii) pay him back: He shall pay him back his money.

3. Below are some lines from the poem with some words underlined. Choose the correct meanings of the words from the options given in brackets.

a)    I lay in sorrow, deep distressed (tired/unhappy/angry)
Answer: distressed – unhappy 

b)    He gave me gold (money/jewelry/sheets)
Answer: gold – money 

c)    And blessed his charity (money/kind help/pride)
Answer: charity – kind help

d)    A poor man passed my way (to move past/stopped me)
Answer: passed – to move past

e)    Is heavenly sympathy (selfishness/godly goodness/pride)
Answer: heavenly – godly goodness

f)    Greater far is heavenly sympathy (the feeling of being sorry at another’s sadness/the feeling of pain/a superior feeling)
Answer: sympathy – the feeling of being sorry at another’s sadness

4. Let's have fun with words!
The jumbled words below have been taken from the poem. Spell the word correctly. List their antonyms (if any) alongside. mention whether the words are nouns or adjectives. One has been done for you.

 
Lesson 7 Sympathy by Charles Mackay all questions and answers | SCERT
Sympathy Questions and answers


5. As you know, the lines of a poem are not always written like prose. Here are some of the main ideas of the lines of the poem, but in a jumbled order. Rearrange each set of words to get a complete sentence. Remember to start the sentence with a capital letter and end it with a full stop.

(a) deeply/distressed/was/he
Answer: He was deeply distressed.

(b) heard/a proud man/of/his grief
Answer: A proud man heard of his grief.

(c) looks/cold/were/his
Answer: His looks were cold.

(d) didn't offer/he/a/kindly word
Answer: He didn't offer a kind word.

(e) the gold/him/back/paid/to/he
Answer: He paid the gold back to him.

(f) even/thanked/him/I
Answer: I even thanked him.

(g) gave him/bread/the poor man/and/him/looked after
Answer: The poor man looked after him and gave him bread.

(h) than/the poor man's/is/gold/greater/sympathy
Answer: The poor man's sympathy is greater than gold. 

6. Read the paragraphs and then match them to the appropriate stanzas of the poem:

Stanza 1. 
I lay in sorrow, deep distressed;
My grief a proud man heard;
His looks were cold, he gave me gold;
But not a kindly word.

Answer: Once the the poet was full of grief and very depressed. A rich and proud man heard about the poet's problems and came to help him. The proud man offered him money but did not offer him any words of sympathy.

Stanza 2.

 My sarrow passed -  I paid him back
The gold he gave to me;
Then stood erect and spoke my thanks
And blessed his charity.

 When the poet recovered, he went back to the man and repaid all the gold. He also stood straight, offered the man thanks, and blessed him for this help.

Stanza 3. 

I lay in want, and gried, and pain;
A poor man passed my way;
He bound my head, he gave me bread,
He watched me night and day.

The poet was lying in sorrow and in pain. A poor man saw him and took care of him. He also offered him food to restore the poet's health. He took great care of the poet until the poet regained his health.

Stanza 3. 

How shall I pay him back again
For all he did to me?
Oh, gold is great, but greater far
Is heavenly sympathy.

The poet wonders how to repay an act of selfless kindness. He realizes that having money to repay a debt is a great thing , but kindness is a heavenly act that cannot be easily repaid. 

7. (a) Look up the dictionary to find out what is meant by the word ‘values’.
(b) Discuss what is meant by the term ‘human values’.
(c) Make a list of different types of human values. Taking the help of the dictionary, write the meaning of each of the human values you have listed. Also, write at least one stnoonym and antonym for each human value yu have selected. One example has been worked out for you.

8. In groups, turn the theme of the poem “Sympathy” into a story. You can write about four men in a village – one who is very rich, one who is very poor and two who are neither too rich nor too poor.

Hints: One man fell into deep distress (describe the type of distress)
Approached a rich man; rich man gave money.
He repaid the rich man’s when he recovered from his problems.
Later he fell sick; was nursed back to health by a poor man.
Conclusion

9. Let’s learn some grammar:

Read the following sentences
(a) Give me some bread
(b) Take me to the doctor.

 We can say these sentences in a polite wy by using could and would as shown below:

(a) (i) Could/would you give me some bread?
(ii) I wonder if you could give me some bread.
(iii) Would you mind giving me some bread?

(b) (i) Could/would you take me to the doctor?
(ii) I wonder if you could take me to the doctor.
(iii) Would you mind taking me to the doctor?

Now let’s practise saying these sentences. Divide the class into two groups and give them names. Let one group ask questions beginning with will/would/can/could. The other group will give answers. 

Wednesday, 1 July 2020


A NEW DAY, A NEW WAY ALL QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS CLASS 8 ASSAM


Lesson 6 | A new day, A new way All questions answers | Class 8 | SCERT
Lesson 6 | A new day, A new way All questions answers 



1.Answer the following question from the lesson:

(a) Why was Seema upset?

Answer: Seema was upset because she needed rupees for her daughter Swati’s school fee and her salary was about to come late of that month.

(b) What did Swati suggest to her mother?

Answer: Swati suggested her mother that they could try the N.G.O. for some help.

(c) What happened when Seema met the lady at the office of the NGO?

Answer: Next Morning Seema met the lady at the office of the NGO. The lady took her to a large room where a group of women were stitching soft dolls. The women wore blue sarees and aprons and had Brave Mothers embossed on their dress.

(d) What did the women of ‘Brave Mothers’ do?

Answer: The women of ‘Brave Mothers’ was a self-help group. They offer vocational training in a variety of fields like toy making, embroidery, tailoring, culinary arts, mobile phone repairing and many more.

(e) What was Seema interested in doing?
Answer: She was interested in culinary training.

(f) How did the NGO help Seema?

Answer: The lady of NGO appreciated Seema’s confidence and gave her an idea of the business potential in culinary area. Morever she also assured that she would be assigned thirty of their valued customers to her and she would be given a loan amount to set up her own kitchen at home. Based on Seema’s performance, she would be assigned more customers. Since Seema needed money immediately, the lady also assured her that her loan would be sanctioned even before her training.A savings account would be opened in a bank in her name where she would be able to deposit her savings. This is how NGO helped Seema.



2.Check your Comprehension.

Find out the meanings of the words in italics and select the correct answers from the options.

(a) Seema looked at Swati’s calm and resolute face.

(i) Sad
(ii) Adamant
(iii) Brave
(iv) Determined, firm
Answer - determined, firm

(b) “I would like to choose culinary training as a vocation.”

(i) Tailoring
(ii) Toy making
(iii) Embroidery
(iv) Cooking
Answer - cooking

(c) Her Heart brimmed with new dreams.

(i) lacked
(ii) overflowed
(iii) loaded
(iv) exhausted
Answer - overflowed

3. Here are some more words from the lesson.

Read the words in Column A  and find out their meanings in Column B. Draw lines to match each word with its meaning.

Answer:
(a) Edge - the outside limit of an object, a surface or an area
(b) Adored - loved somebody very much
(c) jotted - wrote something quickly
(d) hugged - put one's arms around somebody to hold them tightly, especially to show deep love or liking
(e) embossed - a raised design on a fabric

4. Sit in groups. Each group will take up one of the following points for discussion. The leader of each group will present the answers to the class on behalf of the group:

(a) What, according to you, are the qualities of a good daughter/good son?
(b) Do you think Swati is a good daughter? Why do you think so?
(c) What are the good qualities you have that match with swati’s? (each member will write his/her good qualities as a daughter/son.)
(d) What will you do to become a better daughter/son?

5. Let’s Learn some grammar:

Look at the underlined words in the following sentences from the lesson.

“Seema Deka drew the window curtains of her living room. Without switching on the light, she sat on the edge of her bed, lost in thought.”

Here are some common types of prepositions. They denote

(a) Place or position:
e.g. in, on, at, over, under, above, below, behind, between, beyond
(i) The book is on the table.
(ii) He is at school now.

(b) Time:
e.g. at, on, in, for, from… to, since, during, till/until
(i) she will go to office in the morning
(ii) She sat there for three hours.

(c) Cause:
e.g. because of, on account of, from, out of, of
(i) The match had to be stopped because of the rain.
(ii) Our school is closed on account of Bihu.

(d) Purpose:
e.g. for
(i) I am waiting for the taxi.

(e) means:
e.g. by, with, on, in
(i) I go to school by bus.
(ii) I will cut the cake with this knife.

Now Fill in the blanks with the correct preposition from the choices given in brackets.

(a) Seema was upset by the information . (with/in/by)
(b) Swati told her about a lady who lived here. (about/of/for)
(c) She asked Seema to see the lady at her office. (on/at/by)
(d) She was the boss of the NGO .(for/by/of)
(e) Swati goes to school by bus . (by/on/with)

6. As you know, there are different ways of presenting the same idea.

Find a sentence in the text that has the same meaning as each of the following statements. The first one has been done for you .

(a) She was very wise of her age, Seema thought .
       She looked so mature, Seema thought.

(b) He had expired a few years ago .
He had passed away a few years ago.

(c) Depending on Seema's success, she would be given more work.
Depending on Seema's performance, she would be given more work.

(d) Her heart was filled with new hopes and desires.
Her heart brimmed with new dreams and the smile around the corner of her lips broadened like a flower in bloom.

9. In the lesson, Swati tells her mother that she would call up the NGO, ‘Brave Mothers’. She would seek help from the representative from the NGO who had visited her school to create awareness on “Entrepreneurship Development and self reliance”.

Now work in pairs. Imagine one of you is Swati’s mother and the other is the lady from “Brave Mothers”. Write a telephone conversation between Swati’s mother and the lady. Note down the conversation and enact it before the class.

10. Find out from your teacher/parents/nearest bank/ internet how to open an online bank account. Write out the instructions in clear steps below and tell your classmate how to open the account.

11. Swati’s mother has set up a small catering service with the money taken as loan from the NGO and her personal loan from her bank. She wants her business to grow quickly. So she tells Swati to prepare/write out an attractive advertisement for her business to put in the local newspaper. Working with your partner, prepare the advertisement using chart paper, colour pencils and pictures. The teacher will select the best three advertisements to put up in the class noticeboard and award prizes.

Lesson 5 | Louis Pasteur all questions and answers | Class 8 | SCERT


Lesson 5 | Louis Pasteur all questions and answers | Class 8 | SCERT
Louis Pasteur all Questions and answers 



Louis Pasteur All questions & answer

1. ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS TO CHECK YOUR UNDERSTANDING:

(a) What happened one day while Louis Pasteur was playing with his friends?

Answer: One day Louis Pasteur was playing with his friend in Abois, a small town in France. Suddenly he saw a man running towards him, the man was very scared. Seeing him Louis Pasteur asked him what the reason was, he told him that a mad wolf from the mountain has bitten someone.

(b) What does rabies cause in human beings?

Answer: Rabies causes inflammation in human beings. Anyone with rabies go mad and die.Human beings or animals get the virus when they are bitten or scratched by animals with rabies.

(c) What experiment did Pasteur conduct on rabbits?

Answer: Louis Pasteur wanted to find a cure for the deadly disease, so he was doing experiments on rabbit and after many years of experimenting on rabits, he finally found the deadly virus that causes rabies.

(d) Who was Pasteur’s first human patient? Was his treatment successful?

Answer: Louis Pasteur’s first human patient was a young school boy, who was bitten by a mad dog while returning from school.
Yes the boy responded to Pasteur’s treatment, the treatment was successful and this new method of treatment of rabies made Pasteur famous all over the world.

(e) Where and when did the French government establish the Pasteur Institute? What is it famous for?

Answer: In 1888, the French Government founded the pasteur institute in Paris. This institute is dedicated and famous for the study of biology,diseases and Vaccines.

2. You must have noticed that the lesson has many words related to diseases. Read the lesson carefully and note down all these words in the word web below. One has been done for you.

        
Louis Pasteur Class 8 lesson 5
Louis Pasteur Class 8 Lesson 5
                 

3. Here are five friends sharing information about diseases. Complete their dialogues with information from the lesson.


a) Puja, “Beware of animal bites as Human Beings get the virus when they are bitten or scratched by animals with rabies.”

b) Rohan, “Measles is a deadly disease. It can lead to intellectual disability.”

c) Pushpa, “Rubella infection can lead to ear infection or inflammation of the brain.”

d) Juman, “The Anopheles mosquito Cause malaria in humans in endemic areas.”

4. Do you know what a flowchart is? It is a diagram that shows how one thing leads to the next. Read the lesson once again and complete the flowchart to show the chain of events. The first entry has been inserted for you.


Louis pasteur class 8 questions answers
Louis Pasteur Class 8 Questions Answers


       

5. Here are some sentences from the lesson.

A Man came running towards Louis Pasteur. The man was very frightened. “What is the matter?” Louis asked him. Someone has been bitten by a mad wolf from the mountain.

Look at the words printed in italics.

Can you recall which grammatical structure is represented by the words in italics? Fill in the blank spaces provided below to give the answer.

The words printed in italics are in the P A S S I V E voice.

By changing the verb forms, the sentence can also be written in the following way:
(a) A mad wolf from the mountain has bitten someone.

This sentence is in the A C T I V E voice. 
Now, read the lesson and find out other sentences in Active voice. Reframe these sentences if necessary. Then convert them into their passive forms.

   
6. (a) Let’s learn some tense forms:

We use the Simple Present tense

(i) to express universal truth:

Animals with rabies grow mad.

(ii) to express habitual or repeated action:

Louis Pasteur plays with his friends. 

(iii) to indicate situations that are permanent:

He works in the institute.


6. (b) We use the Present Continuous tense to express an action that is presently going on: 
He is working on his experiment.

6. (c) Now complete these sentences using the Simple Present or the Present Continuous forms of the verbs in brackets:

(i) We play football in the afternoon. (play)

(ii) The sun rises in the east. (rise)

(iii) Don’t make a noise; the baby is sleeping. (sleep)

(iv) Someone is knocking at the door; can you hear it?  (knock)

(v) The man is running towards the bus. (run)

(vi) The bus usually comes at 8 o’clock. (come)

(vii) He is preparing for an engineering entrance examination. (prepare)

(viii) He is learning German. (learn)

 7. (a) We use the Simple Past tense

(i) to talk about an action that has already taken place, e.g.

This method of treatment of rabies made Pasteur famous all over the world.

(ii) to show a series of completed actions, e.g.

He injected the boy with the virus and kept him under watch.

7. (b) We use the Past Continuous tense:

 (i) to express an action that is presently going on:

to refer to an action that was going on for a certain period of time in the past, e.g.

One day, a boy called Louis Pasteur was playing with his friends.

(ii) to show that something happened while another action was going on, e.g.

Many years later, when he was experimenting on rabbits, he found the deadly virus that causes rabies.

7. (c) Let’s see how much you have understood. Complete these sentences using the Simple Present or the Present Continuous forms of the verbs in brackets:

(i) Louis Pasteur died in 1895. (die)

(ii) Pasteur knew that the mad wolf was suffering from rabies. (suffer).

(iii) When I reached his house, he was having lunch. (have)

(iv) I arrived last evening. (arrive)


(v) The boys were playing football when it suddenly began to rain. (play)


8. Imagine you are the young boy who was bitten by the mad dog. You are telling your friends what happened when you were coming home from school. Fill in the gaps in the passage below with correct forms of the verbs to complete your story.

Yesterday I was returning from school alone.On the way, I saw a group of boys around a dog. The dog seemed to be mad, and the boys were throwing stones at it. This made the dog angry and frightened. The dog began to bark angrily. The boys found this very funny and they hit the dog with a stick. I was standing nearby quietly.  Suddenly the dog rushed at me and bit me.I shouted to the boys to help me. But they ran away. The dog was so angry that it would not let me go of my leg.Finally, three men from a nearby shop came out and chased the dog away. 

9. Here are a few words from the lesson. See if you can match the words to their meanings:


a) Scared – to be frightened of something or afraid that something bad might happen.
b) Scratched – When the skin is cut or damaged slightly with something sharp, such as nails.
c) Ailing – sick and not improving.
d) Virus – A living thing, too small to be seen without a microscope, that causes infectious diseases.
e) Micro-organism – A very small living thing that you can only see under a microscope.

10. Look at the pictures given below. Write sentences in the boxes using words from the lesson to describe the pictures.
A) A mad dog is chasing young boy
B) He was bitten by a mad dog.
C) Doctor injected the boy with the virus and kept him under watch.
D) The boy responded to Doctor’s treatment.

11. Look at the following sentences. They are in Direct Speech. Imagine you are reporting the conversation to someone. Rewrite the sentences in Indirect/Reported Speech. 

  a) “What is the matter?” Louis asked him.
Louis asked him what the matter was.

b) “Can you save my son?” the woman asked Louis.
The woman asked Louis if he could save her son.

c) “I’ll do whatever I can”, said Louis to the boy.
Louis told the boy that he would do whatever he could. 

12. Work in groups. Make a poster (using pictures and captions) to create public awareness of what happens when mosquitoes and animals bite. Remember to mention the (i) Diseases, (ii) Their prevention and (iii) Their cure.

13. Mamu was trying to write about Florence Nightingale for her school magazine on the occasion of World Health Day. Let’s see how prepared to write it:

14. Read the definiton given below:

A Proverb is a well-known phrase or sentence that gives advice or says something that is generally true.

Some Examples of Proverbs are-
Absence makes the heart grow fonder.
An apple a day keeps the doctor away.

The most important function of proverbs is to teach people good morals. They often contain advice, with the purpose of teaching wisdom to common people. Since proverbs are usually metaphorical and indirect, they allow writers to express their advice in a less harsh way.

Pick out the proverbs from the list given below:
(a) A white elephant
(b) Crocodile tears
(c) All that glitters is not gold.
(d) Every clouds has a silver lining.
(e) Early to bed and early to rise makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise
(f) A Black sheep

Now, read the lessons carefully. Then, using the text as the basis, in groups discuss and prepare a speech on the following proverbs:

Prevention is Better than cure.

Remember to prepare the speech from the perspective of maintaining good health. The group leader or any other member choosen by the group will then present the speech before the class. The class will vote for the bestr speech among the groups. The teacher will suggest necessary improvements to the groups.
The speech voted to be the best by the class will then be made before the nmorning assembly of the school.

15. Prepare a quiz on the lesson Louis Pasteur.

16. Fun with sounds: Practise saying this tongue twister as fast as you can.

Four Frenchmen from France fried forty-five flying fish that fly faster than flat flying fleas.

Now, in pairs, make a tongue twister using information from the lesson, and make your friends say it for fun.

17. Refer to a dictionary or your text and give two examples of adjectives with the following prefixes or suffixes.


louis pasteur answers scert assam
Louis Pasteur Answers SCERT ASSAM