Friday, 1 May 2020

AHSEC | Lesson 2 | Landscape of The Soul notes Class 11 English | Questions Answers

AHSEC | Lesson: 2 Landscape of The Soul notes
English : Class 11 (Hornbill) Questions Answers|

AHSEC | Lesson 2 | Landscape of The Soul notes Class 11 English | Questions Answers
Landscape of the soul notes | AHSEC


(A) VERY SHORT ANSWER TYPE

(a) Name the writer of the prose piece “Landscape of the Soul”.
Answer: Nathalie Trouveroy the writer of the prose piece “Landscape of the Soul”.

(b) Name the Blacksmith who fell in love with the painter’s daughter.
Answer: Quinten Metsys was the blacksmith who fell in love with the painter’s daughter.

(c) Where did Quinten sneak?
Answer: Quinten loved a painter’s daughter. So, he sneaked into the painter’s studio.

(d) What did Quinten paint on a panel?
Answer: Quinten painted a fly on a panel and it looked like a living fly.

(e) What is the concept of ‘Shanshui’? [H.S. 2018]
Answer: ‘Shanshui’ which literally means mountain water, is used to describe a canvas containing mountain and water. The mountain is called Yang and the water is called Yin.

(f) What is ‘Middle Void’?
Answer: ‘Middle Void’ is the interaction between the Yang and the Yin and it is presented as the unpainted white space in Chinese landscape.

(g) Who mooted the concept of ‘art brut’?
Answer: French painter Jean Dubuffet mooted the concept of ‘art burnt’ (in the 1940s).

(h) Who is hailed as India’s biggest contributor to outsider art?
Answer: Nek Chand is hailed as India’s biggest contributor to outsider art.

(B) SHORT ANSWER TYPE

(a) Who is Wu Daozi? Who commissioned him to paint a landscape? What did he paint for the emperor? [H.S. 2016]

Answer: Wu Daozi is a famous Chinese painter, who lived in the eighth century. Tang Emperor Xuanzong commissioned Wu Daozi to paint a landscape.
Wu Dauzi painted a magnificent natural scenery containing wonderful scene, forests, high mountains, waterfalls, the sky full of clouds, men on hilly paths and birds in flight.

(b) Describe and contrast the features of the Chinese and the European art of landscape.  [H.S. 2015]

OR Contrast the Chinese view of art with the European view.

Answer: The prime difference between the Chinese and European view regarding art of landscape is that Chinese landscape is not meant to reproduce an actual view, whereas European landscape draws an exact replica of the landscape. A Chinese painter does not choose a single viewpoint unlike European landscape. 

(c) How did the Emperor react when he saw Wu Dauzi’s painting?
Answer: The Emperor commissioned Wu Dauzi to paint a landscape for his royal walls. When he saw it, the Emperor had no words to praise the magnificence of the landscape. For quite a long while the Emperor admired the wonderful painting. He devoured every element of the painting with his eyes. The painter, then showed him a secret cave in the picture and the painter got disappeared in the cave. The Emperor remained stunned and speechless.

(d) What did Wu Dauzi say to the Emperor? How did he disappear?
Answer: Wu Dauzi described the painting to the Emperor. He showed a cave to the Emperor and said that in that cave, a spirit lived at the foot of the mountain. 
Then Wu Dauzi clapped his hands before the painting and surprisingly an entrance got opened. The painter entered the cave through the entrance and it got closed behind him. Before the king could understand what was happening, Wu Dauzi had disappeared. 

(e) What is the significance of the stories associated with Chinese landscape in China’s classical education?
Answer: There are many legends associated with Chinese landscape. Such stories used to help the master to guide his disciples in the right direction. These stories also reveal the spirit of the Chinese people in which art was considered. 

(f) What did Wu Dauzi want to reveal to the Emperor through his painting?
Answer: Wu Dauzi, through his painting, revealed that an Emperor rules over a limited territory, but an artist has a wide imaginary world where he wanders without a limit. The Emperor could pay for the outer surface of the painting, but the painter knew the way within. A true painting hides clueless meanings and an ordinary man cannot discover the true meaning of the creation. A painting has a divine goal, and the painter achieved it through his painting, but the Emperor got no clue about that. 

(g) What is the concept of ‘Shanshui’?
OR What do ‘mountain’ and ‘water’ represent in ‘Shanshui’?
OR Explain the concept of Shanshui.
Answer: ‘Shanshui’ which literally means mountain water, is used to describe a canvas containing mountain and water. The mountain is called Yang and the water is called Yin. Shanshui reflects Daoist view of the universe. The mountain which reaches vertically to the heaven is stable and warm and also represents active and masculine nature. Whereas the water is fluid, moist and cool resting on the earth. The water is symbolic of feminine aspect of the universe. 

(h) What is ‘Middle Void’?
Answer: ‘Middle Void’ is the interaction between the Yang and the Yin and it is presented as the unpainted white space in Chinese landscape. Middle void is often compared to yogic practice of inhale and exhale of air. But middle void is the point when one holds the breath. It is very important because nothing can happen without middle void. Thus, the unpainted white space has a deep meaning in Chinese landscapes. 

(i) What is the significance of man in the universe?
Answer: Man is very important in the universe because is the conduit pipe between heaven and earth, the both poles of the universe. In the words of Francois Cheng, presence of man is very essential because he is “the eye of a landscape”. 

(j) Who was Jean Dubuffer? What Concept of art did he propound?
Answer: Jean Dubuffer was a French Painter. Jean Dubbufer propounded the concept of ‘art burnt’ in 1940’s. 

(k) What is ‘art brut’ or ‘outsider art’?
OR What do you understand by the terms ‘outsider art’ and ‘art brut’ or ‘raw art’?
Answer: 'Art brut’ or ‘outsider art’ is a form of art generally available for those artists who have not received any formal training, yet they deserve to be great artists because of their inborn artistic talent. Their works are a stimulating contrast to a lot of mainstream offerings. 

(l) Who is Nek Chand? What is his contribution to the world of art?
Answer: Nek Chand is an eighty years old creator and director who hails from India as the biggest contributor to outsider art.  
Nek Chand has contributed a lot to outsider art. He is the creator of famous Rock Garden at Chandigarh which he created by clearing a forest and sculpting it with stone and recycled materials. His Rock Garden sculpture ‘Women by Waterfall’ has been featured in a UK based magazine titled ‘Raw Vision’. 

(m) Who was the “untold genius who created a paradise’’ and what is the nature of his contribution to art?
Answer: Nek Chand, the biggest contributor to ‘outsider art’ was the “untold genius who created a paradise’.
Nek Chand has contributed a lot to outsider art. He is the creator of famous Rock Garden at Chandigarh which he created by clearing a forest and sculpting it with stone and recycled materials. His Rock Garden sculpture ‘Women by Waterfall’ has been featured in a UK based magazine titled ‘Raw Vision’. 


AHSEC | IMPORTANT QUESTIONS ANSWERS OF LESSON 2 "LANDSCAPE OF THE SOUL"


(C) LONG ANSWER TYPE

(a) What is the Daoist concept of ‘Shanshui’ and Daoist view of the universe?
OR Discuss the concept of ‘Shanshui’.
Answer: The universe has two distinct energy one being masculine, the other is feminine. Daoist view presents that the interaction between these two complementary poles is the basis of the universe. The Daoist view is best reflected in the concept of ‘Shanshui’ which literally means mountain water, is used to describe a canvas containing mountain and water. The mountain is called Yang and the water is called Yin. Shanshui reflects Daoist view of the universe. The mountain which reaches vertically to the heaven is stable and warm and also represents active and masculine nature. Whereas the water is fluid, moist and cool resting on the earth. The water is symbolic of feminine aspect of the universe.
The interaction between Yin and Yang is the fundamental notion of Daoism. In this regard Yin is a feminine and receptive energy whereas the Yang the active and masculine form of energy. The interaction between the two is very important for life activities to make the universe lively and ever going. 

(b) Compare and contrast the Chinese and the European concepts of painting citing example from the text.
Answer: Paintings form an integral part of every human society as a great work of artistic creativity. Chinese paintings and European paintings have their own distinct existence in the world of art of creation with difference of bounty of beauty in the landscape. 
Western paintings are figurative whereas traditional Chinese landscapes are not created to recreate the actual scenario painted on it. A European landscape is drawn from a specific angle and the painter borrows the eyes of the viewers to a landscape as it is drawn on the painting. Chinese paintings on the other hand are not based on a single viewpoint. Rather they present not so real landscapes, which can be seen from any angles giving distinct meanings from each different angle. Chinese paintings have a unique feature called horizontal scrolling, wherein the viewers are taken into different sections of a painting with slow opening of those sections. To view a Chinese landscape the viewer’s active participation is very essential. The participation may be both physical as well as mental. The main goal of a Chinese painter is not mere borrowing the eyes of the viewers, he also wants the viewers to enter his mind. The landscape is enlarged as inner, spiritual and conceptual space. Wu Dauzi’s last landscape where he got lost is a fine example of Chinese paintings whereas Quinten Metsys’s brushing a fly with delicate realism is a great example of European landscape. 

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