Friday, 1 May 2020

AHSEC Solutions | The Ailing Planet notes Class 11 | English | HS 1st Year

Lesson : The Ailing Planet
For Class : 11| HS 1st Year
AHSEC | CBSE
AHSEC Solutions | The Ailing Planet notes Class 11 | English | HS 1st Year
The Ailing Planet notes , Class 11


AHSEC | THE AILING PLANET NOTES 


(A) VERY SHORT ANSWER TYPE

(a) Name the author of the prose piece “The Ailing Planet: The Green Movement’s Role”?
Answer: Nani Palkhivala is the author of the prose piece “The Ailing Planet: The Green Movement’s Role”.

(b) Where and when was the world’s first nationwide Green party founded?
Answer: The world’s first nationwide Green party was founded in New Zealand in 1972.

(c) What concept was popularized by the World Commission on Environment and Development in the year 1987?
Answer: The concept of ‘sustainable development’ was popularized by the World Commission on Environment and Development in the year 1987.

(d) Where do you find a cage where there is notice which reads “The world’s most dangerous animal”?
Answer: In a zoo at Lusaka, Zambia there is a cage where there is notice which reads “The world’s most dangerous animal”.

(e) Which animal is considered “The world’s most dangerous animal”?
Answer: Man is considered “The world’s most dangerous animal”.

(f) Name the distinguished Indian personality who was a member of the famous Brandt Commission?
Answer: Mr. L. K. Jha was the distinguished Indian personality who was a member of the famous Brandt Commission.

(g) Where did Mr. Lester R. Brown point about the earth’ s principal biological systems?
Answer: Mr. Lester R. Brown pointed about the earth’ s principal biological systems in his book “The Global Economic Prospect”.

(h) What is the earth’s principal biological systems? [H.S. 2018]
Answer: The earth’s principal biological systems are four namely fisheries, forests, grasslands and croplands.

(i) Who said that the tropical forests are ‘the powerhouse of evolution’?
Answer: Dr. Myers said that the tropical forests are ‘the powerhouse of evolution’.

(j) What does Article 48A of the Indian Constitution stand for?
Answer: The Article 48A of the Indian Constitution is a part of directive principle which advises the state that it shall endeavor to protect and improve the environment and to safeguard the forests and wildlife of the country.

(B) SHORT ANSWER TYPE | THE AILING PLANET

(a) What do you understand by the concept of sustainable development as explained in “The Ailing Planet: The Green Movement’s Role”? [H.S. 2015]
OR
What is sustainable development? [H.S. 2018]

Answer: As per the views of the World Commission on Economic Development, sustainable development means the development that meets the present needs without harming the future needs. It is the development without making a scarcity of resources for the future generations.

(b) What is the role of industries in the preservation of the environment? [H.S. 2015]
OR
What role Industry has to play in the new Era of responsibility? [H.S. 2019]
Answer: The industries have the largest negative contribution towards the increasing pollution and therefore they must play a crucial role to prevent pollution. Mr. Woolard of Du Pont once declared himself to be the Chief Environmental Officer. In his view, the industrialists require to excel in environmental performance. The industries acquire raw materials from the environment and therefore it is their duty to protect and preserve the environment. 

(c) What is the ‘Green Movement’ and what are its aims? [H.S. 2016]
Answer: The mankind is a part of the Earth which is in itself an enormous living organism. But the mankind, by their selfish activities, is hurting the earth and its environment. Of course, man cannot outlive the earth, so towards 1970’s a great awareness grew for saving the environment. This epic movement is known as green movement.
In human history, no other movement is as remarkable as the green movement. This movement has shifted the mechanistic view of the mankind to a holistic and ecological view. It taught the mankind that the earth has its own metabolic needs and vital processes which must be protected. 

(d) How is man the most dangerous animal in this world? [H.S. 2016]
Answer: The man has a fully developed conscience which make it superior to other animals. But unfortunately, they have used their knowledge and capacities to fulfill their narrow needs at the cost of the earth’s precious environment.

(e) What does the notice ‘The world’s most dangerous animal’ at the cage in the zoo at Lusaka, Zambia, signify? [H.S. 2017]
Answer: In a zoo at Lusaka, Zambia, there is a cage with a notice hang on it “The world’s most dangerous animal’. Inside the cage, there is nothing but a mirror which reflects the faces of the visitors. The cage, ironically, signifies that the mankind is the most dangerous living species. The man has a fully developed conscience which make it superior to other animals. But unfortunately, they have used their knowledge and capacities to fulfill their narrow needs at the cost of the earth’s precious environment.

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