Tuesday 12 February 2019

D H Lawrence Short Biography Wiki,Novels,Works,Short Summary Of Sons And Lovers, Meaning of the Term Oedipus Complex

D H Lawrence Short Biography Wiki,Novels,Works,Short Summary Of Sons And Lovers, Meaning of the Term Oedipus Complex


The novel Sons and Lovers by D.H Lawrence is the part of the paper Twentieth century English literature.

A writer is part of his society and the particular age in which he lives influences the writer very much. D.H Lawrence was influenced by the age in which he lived and it was an age which was  full of Confusions,Chaos and Wars and the novels of D.H Lawrence present in a clear fashion the confusions and chaos of that particular age so in that sense we can say that D.H Lawrence imbibed with the spirit of the age.


D.H Lawrence was born in a middle-class family, his father was a miner and he was illiterate, he did not know even to write his name, whereas his mother was an educated lady she was the daughter of an engineer and the kind of relation between his father and mother was tense and the problems within the family affected the children very much and these problems to a certain extent are the cause of the creative tension in D.H Lawrence.

The novel Sons and Lovers is considered to be semi autobiographical and it presents several experiences in the life of the order and we find that his mother and his father also appear in the novel.

In the novel Lawrence actually he is represented through the character Paul Morel and his relationship with his father and mother and with his ladylove are all very much connected with his with his personal life.

Now let us look at the major works of D H Lawrence he has written several novels like the white peacock, The trespasser, Sons and Lovers The rainbow women in love, and in all these novels what we find is a novelist who tries to trace the kind of moral confusion and the experiences of his time the spirit of the age we can say he is imbibed by him and he was successful in presenting that spirit through his novels.

Sons and Lovers is a novel which is very close to D H Lawrence Person life and it is hard because it presents the real experiences of Lawrence as a child and as a grown-up man we find that he tries to analyze his relationships through this novel his relationship with his mother, and his relationship with other women, as well as his relationship with his father, so it is to a certain extent a journey into his own self and attempt to understand his own experiences and to place him at the right position here it is to be noted that Lawrence was also a point.

He has written several poems and most of his poems are about plants, animals,nature etc some of the titles of his point poems fish, snake, mountain, lion by Marion Jenkins look we have come through all these suggests his interest in nature so as a writer we can say D H Lawrence was much interested in his own society and his nature and he was a very good observer of life.

Lawrence's interest in nature actually led him to the primitive religion which focused on the mystical understanding of nature so his understanding of nature is to a certain extent we can say influenced by the approach of these primitive religions he was also interested in the psychoanalytic theory of Freud and it was alleged that Sons and  lovers is a novel were the theory of Oedipus complex was used it may not be right to say that he wrote this novel to present the theory of Oedipus complex but at the same time critics often read such a kind of relationship between the hero of the novel and his mother. it is true that the psychoanalytic theory can be used to read this novel and that many readings of the sword has come up so far.

Another important idea that the novel puts forward is the kind of discussion on sexuality and sexual freedom the novel presence the young man whole having relationships with other women whereas we find that because of mother fixation he was not able to come to terms with his ladylove he could not love these ladies mainly because of the possessive nature of his mother and that creates a kind of psychological block for him and the novel actually puts forward the idea of the idea of the conflicts that happened within the mind of the character and the kind of pulls opposing poles that happen in his mind between his mother and his ladylove, so in that sense we can say that it is also a psychological novel.

We know that Psychological novel is often associated with Fyodor Dostoevsky Russian novelist.Dostoyevsky's novels are good examples of psychological realism but D H Lawrence to a certain extent develops this style of writing and tries to present the confrontation that happens within the mind as well as outside side by side and poses several questions about the contemporary morality it is true that he argues for a kind of sexual freedom and we can say that his writing is against the kind of control and the possessiveness that is often associated with sexuality.


D H Lawrence Short Biography Wiki,Novels,Works,Short Summary Of Sons And Lovers, Meaning of the Term Oedipus Complex


Now we will come to the theme of the novel the actual content of the novel. The novel actually deals with the story of a family the first part of the novel focuses on mrs. Morel and her unhappy marriage to a drinking minor she has many arguments with her husband some of which have painful results sometimes she's locked out of the house and hit in the head with a draw estranged from her husband.
Mrs. Morel takes comfort in her four children William, her oldest son is her favorite when William sickens and dies a few years later she is crushed not even noticing the rest of her children until she almost loses Paul her second son as well from that point on Paul becomes the focus of her life and the two seem to live for each other.

So here the mother's love for the children is so intense and to a certain extent it is because of the fact that her relationship with her husband is not so normal. Paul falls in love with Miriam who lives on a farm not too far from the moral family they carry on a very intimate but purely platonic relationship for many years.

Mrs. Morel does not approve of Miriam and this may be the main reason that Paul does not marry her, he constantly wavers in his feelings towards her. Paul meets Clara those suffer gates who is separated from her husband through Miriam as he becomes closer with Clara and they begin to discuss his relationship with Miriam she tells him that he should consider consuming their love and he returns to Miriam to see how she feels Paul and Miriam sleep together and are briefly happy but shortly afterward for decides that he does not want to marry Miriam and so he breaks off with her she still feels that his soul belongs to her and in part agrees reluctantly he realizes that he loves his mother most.

 So here we find that the inability of Paul to develop a strong relationship with a girlfriend is mainly because of his affection for his mother and also because of the fact that his mother never wanted him to have such a love relationship as she is afraid of the fact that she will lose him after breaking of his relationship with Miriam. Paul begins to spend more time with Clara and they begin an extremely passionate affair however she does not want to die with her husband Baxter and so they can never be married Paul's mother falls ill and he devotes much of his time to caring for her when she finally dies he is brokenhearted and after a final plea from Miriam goes off alone at the end of the novel.

All the novels of Lawrence are more or less autobiographical in nature but sunset hours is almost a carbon copy of his life the principal characters of the novel and the central situations are drawn from Lawrence's early life like Paul morals father, Laurence's father was also a minor uncultured and drunk. Like Paul's mother Lawrence's mother was her husband's direct opposite from this we understand that the novel has a very strong connection with Lawrence's life. Lawrence himself had a very strained relationship with his father he was much repelled by the coarseness and the brutality of his behavior and he developed a strong attachment to his mother. His mother too was very much affectionate to him to a certain extent. Because of her lack of affection for her husband who was different in nature as said before the mother belongs to a middle-class family and she was educated and her prejudice towards an illiterate husband might have resulted in her resentment towards him so in the absence of a healthy relationship with her husband she fell back upon her children and this affection was interpreted by critics as the deep hill complex the title of the novel actually refers to this Oedipus complex.

Meaning Of The Term Oedipus Complex

Sons and Lovers the title refers to the idea that for the mother the sons are also lovers the term Oedipus complex, refers to the mythical story of King Oedipus who mistakenly married his mother killing his father.

So Sigmund Freud the psychoanalyst actually developed a theory out of it which tries to argue that the mother always will have such a an affection for her children male children the female child will have a similar affection for her father, so here whatever may be the theory that is applied to read the novel it is true that the novel attempts to present the complex relationship between the mother and her sons and the kind of conflicts that was presented within the family with the father on one side and the mother and the sons on the other.

It is true that mother's influence was very strong in their character of the novelist as well it was his mother who gave him the love and affection in his childhood days and his orientation in life was to a certain extent shaped by his mother his love of literature, and his interest in his studies were all developed and inspired by his mother. So in the sense the autobiographical element in the novel is very strong.

Lawrence was also unable to develop a strong relationship with his ladylove Jessie even though he had a very long relationship for most for 10 years with her and the reason for the same was the kind of mother fixation that he suffered from.

And through this novel sunset hours we can say that Lawrence was reliving his own experience in artistic terms or in another sense the novel can be seen as a response to his complex relationship between human beings and which looks into the various dimensions of love and we find that the novel innocence attempts to present these questions these problems before the reader without waiting for an answer. It is the duty of the reader to analyze it and to ponder over it.

So far we have discussed some of the important dimensions of this novel we had a discussion on the author D H Lawrence and the novel and the various themes interpretations of the novel and I think you have got a general idea about the novel assets you can go through the section further reading for more details and it will be good if you go through the different interpretations of the novel.

We find that Sons and Lovers has been discussed widely by critics from different parts of the world and more interpretations are still to come so try to develop your own view about the novel.

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