Sunday, 12 July 2020

Dhunu's Guitar Questions and Answers | Class 7 | Lesson 6 | English

Dhunu’s Guitar All Questions Answers | Class 7 | English

Dhunu's Guitar Questions and Answers | Class 7 | Lesson 6 | English
Dhunu's Guitar

1.Let's find out how much we have understood.

(a) What is meant by the word 'profession'?
Answer: The job that we do to earn money when we grow up is called profession.

(b) Where is Dhunu from?
Answer: Dhunu is from Kalardiya village, District – Kamprup of Assam

(c) Who made the film Village Rockstars?
Answer: The film “Village Rockstar” was made by the well-known filmmaker “Rima Das”.

(d) What was the name of Dhunu's brother?
Answer: Manabendra.

(e) Why did the village women often scold Dhunu?
Answer: The women of the village often scold her for not behaving “like a girl”. 

(f) What did Dhunu's mother tell the woman who scolded her daughter?
Answer: The village women often scolded Dhunu’s for her boy-like acitivaties but her mother does not stop anything she likes, and instead gets angry with the village women. Because none of the village women came to help their family after her husband’s death.

(g) What did Dhunu decide to do after meeting the musicians at a local event?
Answer: After Meeting the musicians at a local event Dhunu's was fascinated by the musical instruments.She was especially fascinated by the guitar and with her friends she decided to form their own band.

(h) What plan did Dhunu propose after she realized that she could not afford to buy a guitar?
Answer: Dhunu was fascinated by the musical instrument when she met musician at a local event and she wanted to buy a guitar but deep inside she realized that she cannot afford a guitar and also she finds it impossible to give up her dream of buying a real guitar so she decided to start doing odd jobs around the village to earn money.

(i) Why did Dhunu start doing odd jobs around the village?
Answer: Dhunu’s realized that she cannot buy a real guitar so she decided to start doing odd jobs around the village to save money and buy a brand new guitar for herself.

(j) "But Dhunu believes that if you really want something and work towards it, you can achieve it." - What does this line tell you about Dhunu's character?
Answer: “But Dhunu believes that if you really want something and work towards it, you can achieve it.” This statement of Dhunu shows that Dhunu a young girl had the strong determination to achieve her goal. She is a very bold girl with the strong will power.

2.  Given below is the summary of a part of the lesson 'Dhunu's Guitar'. There is some wrong information in it. Underline the wrong information, make corrections, and rewrite the summary.

'Dhunu's Guitar' is the story of a young eleven-year-old girl who lives in Kalardiya village with her mother. They are quite well off. Dhunu has a pet monkey who she loves to spend time with. One day, Dhunu and her friends come across some cricketers at a local event. She is fascinated by the band and their musical instruments, especially the guitar. She dreams of owning one herself and forming her own dance band with her friends someday. But she is too poor to own a guitar. So she and her friends make clay guitar and play on them.

Dhunu's Guitar Questions and Answers | Class 7 | Lesson 6 | English

3. In the lesson, we have read that Dhunu faced many difficulties in life because she was poor. Still, she never gave up hope and faced life cheerfully and bravely. Write down a few adjectives to describe Dhunu's character and complete the word web below. You can add more arrows in the web if you wish.

Dhunu's Guitar Questions and Answers | Class 7 | Lesson 6 | English
Dhunu's Guitar

4. Here are some things you have learned from the lesson. Complete the web with the information. One is done for you.


5. We have found in the lesson that Dhunu met by chance a group of boys practicing music for a local event. Dhunu was very happy to seethe musicians. You know that a person who plays music is a musician. Do you know the names of other professions? 

(a) a person who repairs shoes: Cobbler

(b) a person who repairs water pipes: Plumber

(c) a person who operates the controls of an aircraft, especially as a job: Pilot

(d) a person whose job is to take care of people's teeth: Dentist

(e) a person who makes, repairs or sells articles made of gold: Goldsmith

(f) a person who can do magic tricks: Magician

(g) a person whose job is to cut men's hair and sometimes to shave them: Barber

(h) a person who takes care of gardens: Gardener

6. Read the following lines and look carefully at the words printed in italics. They give answer to question 'whose'.

(a) The name of the lesson is Dhunu's Guitar. (Question: Whose guitar?)

(b) Dhunu's mother had to look after her children single-handedly after her husband's death. (Question: Whose mother; Whose death)

(c) The children's fun is cut too short as the monsoon months begin. (Question: Whose fun?)

The words Dhunu's, husband's and children's are said to be in the possessive form. The possessive form of a noun or pronoun shows ownership or association. With the addition of an apostrophe and an 's' (or sometimes just an apostrophe), a noun can change from a simple person, place, or thing to a person, place, or thing that owns something.

Here are a few different ways to form the possessive of a noun:
(i) If the noun doesn't end with an 's', add 's to the end of the noun.

For example:

Dhunu's Guitar was made from Styrofoam.

This is a picture of Dhunu and her goat. The goat is Dhunu's pet.

(ii) If a proper name or proper noun ends with an 's', you can add an apostrophe; or an apostrophe and an 's'. For example:

(a) Rima Das' movie Village Rockstars won several awards.

(b) Rima Das's movie Village Rockstars won several awards.

(iii) After a plural noun that ends in 's', add an apostrophe.

The names of Dhunu's friends are Rinku, Boloram, Bishnu and Bhaskar.

She liked playing boys' games.

Now fill in the blanks using the correct possessive form.

Dhunu's Guitar Questions and Answers | Class 7 | Lesson 6 | English

7. In the lesson, you read the line 'One day, Dhunu and her friend come upon a group of boys practicing music for a local event.' Find out which words in the sentence mean met by chance. You must have realized that the words are come upon

Groups of words like come upon or come across are called phrases. When two words have a special meaning, the group of words is called an idiom

Here are some phrases and idioms:

(a) cry over - to weep for or on something  
(b) sweep away - to eliminate completely without a trace  
(c) give up - to refrain from doing something  
(d) go on - to move forward  
(e) make a living - to do something for livelihood  
(f) cut short - to make shorter  

Now, choose the right phrases and idioms to complete the following sentence. Remember to write them in the appropriate tense forms.

Dhunu's Guitar Questions and Answers | Class 7 | Lesson 6 | English

8. Work in pairs

Dhunu's dream was to possess a guitar. Talk with your friend and share each other's dreams.

9. Look at the following table carefully. Some sentences have been given in Column A. Column B has sentences stated in a different way but which convey the same meaning. That is, the meaning of the corresponding sentences of Column A and Column B are the same, but the sentence structure are different. Discuss with your partner in what ways the sentences in Column B are different from the sentences in Column A.

Column A(i)
The Monsoon Months cut short the children's fun.
Column B(i)
The Children's Fun is cut short by the monsoon Months.
Column A(ii)
The rains have flooded the paddy fields.
Column B (ii)
The paddy fields have been flooded by the rains.
Column A(iii)
In the days following the floods, Dhunu forgets the guitar.
Column B (iii)
In the days following the floods, the guitar is forgotten by Dhunu. 
Column A (iv)
Dhunu accepted her destiny.
Column B(iv)
Her destiny was accepted by Dhunu.
Column A(v)
Dhunu postponed her guitar plans.
Column B(v)
Her guitar plans were postponed by Dhunu.

Here are some hints to help you your work.

Look at the action words(verbs) printed in italics in Column A and the corresponding action words again in Column B. Discuss with your partner how the verb-structure in Column A is different from the verb structure in Column B.

Take note of the position of the doers of the action and the receivers of the action in the sentences.

Let us now learn how to change sentences like those in Column A into those in Column B.

Look at the following sentences.

The tiger (doer) killed the deer (receiver).
The deer (receiver) was killed by the tiger (doer).

In the first sentence, the doer of action (tiger) is placed before the verb (killed). Here the focus is on the doer of the action.In the second sentence, the focus is on the receiver of action (the deer), which is placed at the beginning of the sentence (that is, the subjcet position).

We can change senetnces from active to passive by:

(a) Changing the verb form/verb structure into passive form/structure (‘be’ verb + past participle) and
(b) Changing the positions of the doer of action and the receiver of action

Rewrite the following sentences In their passive forms:

(a) The guitar fascinates Dhunu.
Dhunu is fascinated by the guitar.

(b) The moonsoon months cut short the children’s fun
The Children’s fun is cut short by the Monsoon Months.

(c) Dhunu and her friends made styrofoam guitars.
Styrofoam guitars was made by dhunu and her friends.

(d) Dhunu accepted her destiny
Her Destiny was accepted by Dhunu.

(e) Dhunu and Bhaskar rescued their belongings
Belongings were rescued by Dhunu and Bhaskar.

(f) The women of the village often scold Dhunu
Dhunu was often scolded by the women of the village.

10. (a) Here are two sentences. They are called complex sentences as they have more than one clause. A complex sentence has a main clause (i.e. a unit that makes complete sense) and one or more subordinate clauses (i.e. units that depend on the main clause to complete their meaning.) Note the subordinate clauses that are underlined.

(i) Let us read about a young girl called Dhunu who wanted to be a musician.
(ii) Dhunu helps her mother when she is not at school.

Now note the following:

In the first sentence, the subordinate clause qualifies or is related to the noun Dhunu. Hence, it is an adjective clause. Adjective clauses are clauses that tell us more about a noun, and begin with who, which, whom, that, as, etc.

In the second clause, the subordinate clause modifies the verb helps in the main clause. Hence it is an adverb clause. Such clauses begin with the following:

(i) When,before,until,since,then to express time
(ii) Where, wherever to express place
(iii) That to indicate result
(iv) Because to indicate cause/result
(v) So that, in order that to express purpose
(vi) If, unless to express condition.

(c) Find two complex sentence with adjective clauses and two with adverb clauses in the story. Write them down in your notebook. Underline the subordinate clauses.

(d) Look at the complex sentences given below. Underline the subordinate clauses and say whether they are adjective clauses or adverb clauses-

(i) If it rains, we won’t have the match.
(ii) I have read the books that are on the shelf.
(iii) He creates problems that are on the shelf.
(iv) He creates problems wherever he goes.
(v) She hasn’t written to me since she left the place.
(vi) She is absent because she is ill.

11) Imagine you are Dhunu. Look carefully at the picture of the guitar below. Now prepare step by step instructions for your friend telling him/her how to make a Styrofoam or cardboard cut out guitar. Then try to make a sturofoam guitar working with him/her.

You can learn a nice english song and playing on your guitar cut outs, you can perform the song, in a school programme.

12. Imagine that you and your friend have attended a local musical event to which famous singers and musicians of Assam have been invited.

Write an imaginary conversation between you and one of the celebrated artists. Your conversation can begin as follows:

“Good Evening, Madam. I am so delighted to meet you! You are my favourite singer! I have always dreamed of meeting you and learning more about you. Can I ask you a few questions?”

Hints: You can include questions about the background of the artist, why the artist decided to take up singing, who trained him/her, how the artise became famous, some memorable incidents and so on.

13. Role play:
Imagine a conversation between Rima Das the young girl who plays the character of Dhunu in the movie “Village Rockstar”. Rima Das is preparing her to remember the information about Dhunu. Complete the conversation.

Rima Das: You have a different name. But I’ll call you Dhunu in the movie. Do you like the name?

Dhunu : Yes Madam.

Rima Das: Thank you. I know you’ll like it.OK, Dhunu. Can you tell me the name of your village?

Dhunu: Kalardiya village near Chaigaon in Kamrup District.

Rima Das: Where is that village: In Assam.

Rima Das: All right. All of us have an aim in life. What is your aim? I mean, what do you want to do?

Dhunu: I want to become a musician.

Rima Das: Very nice, you want to play a guitar before an audience. Could you tell me about your father?

Dhunu: He passed away last year.

Rima Das: I’m sorry to hear that. And your Mother?

Dhunu:  She sells snacks at local event.

Rima Das: Do you help your mother?

Dhunu: Yes madam, always.

Rima Das: One last question. Tell me how you spend your free time?

Dhunu: I Practise guitar and try to learn new tune in my free time.

Rima Das: Thanks Dhunu. It was nice talking to you.  

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