Tuesday, 30 June 2020

Lesson 4 | Dokchory Learns about the Panchayat questions answers | Class 8

DOKCHORY LEARNS ABOUT THE PANCHYAT CLASS 8 QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS | SCERT

Lesson 4 | Dokchory Learns about the Panchayat questions answers | Class 8
DOKCHORY LEARNS ABOUT THE PANCHAYAT QUESTIONS ANSWERS

                       
1. Here are some words from the text and their meanings . Test your understanding by matching the words on the left with their meanings on the right

WORDS AND THEIR MEANINGS 

Institutions - an organization or society
Elections    -  the exercise through which we vote for new leaders
Sincerity     -   devotion to a purpose
Differently-abled -having a physical or mental condition that makes it difficult for a person to do all the work that other people do
Schemes  - plans
Substantial - large in size or amount
Rural - relating to a village or the countryside
Tax   - The money citizens of a country have to pay the government to help it do different kinds of work
Quarrel  -  Angry dispute, unfriendly relations with someone
Governance  - Manner of Governing or ruling

2. Complete the following sentences with information from the text:

(a) Dokchory studies in class Eight(viii).
(b) The name of her school is Disangmukh Janajati High School.
(c) Her father's name is Konke Mili.
(d) He works in the Panchayat office.
(e) Dokchory goes to school by Bicycle.
(f) She loves the ride because she gets to know new things every day.
(g) To contest the panchayat elections, one has to be above 21(twenty-one) years old .


Questions and Answers of Dokchory Learns about the Panchayat Class 8 | SCERT


3. Answer the following questions to understand the text better: 

(a) What was the meaning of Panchayat long ago?
Answer: Long ago, Panchayat meant a system of Governance headed by five elderly men called Panch Gramin Pramukh.

 (b) What is the meaning of Panchayat Now?
Answer: The meaning of panchayat now is, a body that is responsible for the development of villages. Unlike the panchayat of long ago nowadays, anyone who is above 21 can contest Panchayat Elections.

(c)What kind of work is done by the Panchayat?
Answer: The Panchayat is a very important institution for social change, the work which is done by the panchayat are builds roads,  repair rural roads, houses for the poor, issue of ration card etc.

(d) Where does the Panchayat get money to perform all its work?
Answer: The Panchayat gets money from taxes on beels, bazaars etc

(e) How did the Panchayat help Dhaniram?
Answer: Panchayat build a house for Dhaniram, in this way panchayat helped Dhaniram.

(f) How did Dhaniram spend the cold December nights?
Answer: The cold December nights was tough for Dhaniram as he has to spends nights on the open verandah of school building.

4. You have just read about the panchayat. Using information from the lesson, fill in the table below:
                            
  THE PANCHAYAT

Meaning: A System of Governance
Minimum Age to Contest: 21 years

Powers Of a Panchayat: Power to raise taxes, plan development schemes and work for local development.

Kind of Work a Panchayat does: It works for the development of village, social change and many more.

Sources of Money: Taxes which is collected from different areas are the sources of money, like taxes on vehicles, river ghats.

5. The morning assembly of Disangmukh Janajati High School begins at 8:45 every day. Each student of the school has to deliver a speech according to a roster prepared by the school authorities.

When Dokchory's turn came, she gave the following speech: 

Good morning!

Respected Principal, teachers, and my dear friends. I am Dokchory. Today I am here to talk about the Freedom fighter and social reformer of Assam, Chandraprabha Saikiani, she fought to make formal education available for girls.This freedom fighter spread the message of her mission also through a number of books.Apart from this great honour, she nwas also remembered with a commermorative postal stamp in 2002.Her life story is a source of inspiration for all of us.

Imagine that your turn to deliver a speech for the morning assembly is tomorrow. Prepare your own speech using Dokchory's example, and present it in the class. 

-your teacher will ask each student to deliver the speech one by one.


6. Discuss in small groups:

(a) If you want to help the needy, would it be fine to do it immediately? Why or why not?

Answer: Yes, we should help the needy immediately,because if we delay to help them then their situation will get more worst.

(b) How would you like to help a person with special needs? Share your ideas in your group?

Answer: I will help that person giving his/her special needs. Special needs like , clothes, shelter,foods etc


(c) Did Konke Mili Plan the right thing to help Dhaniram ? Give more suggestions.

Answer: Yes he did the right thing. Here I would like to suggest that the panchayat should provide more help to the people like Dhaniram. I mean that they should provide them jobs according to their ability and also build a house and give vocational training too.

7. Dokchory will work for the panchayat when she finishes school. Write a paragraph on what you will do for your village or town when you grow up.

Answer: 

8. In class VII you learnt about reported speech and reporting verbs. In this lesson, we see more of such sentences.

Look at this sentence from the lesson:

The reported clause starts with a ‘wh’ question. Wh words are who, when, whom, whose, what, where, which, why and how. A wh-question is changed into the indirect form by using the question word at the beginning of the reported clause.

e.g. She asked her father What a panchayat was.

Let’s practise changing other question into the reported form:

(a) She said to her father, “what kind of work do you do?”
(b) She said to her father,”Where do you get all the money from?”
(c) She said to her father, “Is that enough to do so much work?”
(d) She asked him, “Why don’t you build a house for Poor Dhaniram?”
(e) She said to him, “What is a panchayat?”




There are other types of imperatives such as negative and emphatic imperatives. For example, the Imperative sentence

(c)  Come in, please.
Can be turned into:

Negative: Don't come in, please.
Emphatic: Do come in, please.

Find out how much you have understood. Change the following Imperative sentences into their negative and Emphatic forms:

(a) Repair the roads.
Negative - Don't repair the roads.
Emphatic - Do repair the roads.

(b) Build a house for Dhaniram.
Negative - Don't build a house for Dhaniram
Emphatic - Do build a house for Dhaniram

(c) Work for local development
Negative - Don't work for local development
Emphatic - Do work for local development

(d) Close the door, please
Negative - Don't close the door, please
Emphatic - Do close the door, please

(e) Please wash your hands.
Negative - please don't wash your hands
Emphatic - please do wash your hands.

9. Say the words in the box aloud:

(a) Panchayat
(b) Child
(c) Dokchory
(d) much
(e) change 
(f) Panch

Answer - Chores , 
Did you notice that they all have the sound ch?

Now, find other words from the lesson which have similar ch sound in them. Write them in your note. Add a few more and practice saying them aloud.

10. Here is a crossword puzzle for you to find out the adjectives in the puzzle to fill up the blanks on the right. One is done for you.


(a) Open Verandah
(b) Elderly grant
(c) rural roads
(d) good institution
(e) important things
(g) social change
(g) bitter questions
(h) Very cold

11. Let's play a game. Look at the following pairs of words quickly. Each pair looks the same, but are different in meaning as well as in spelling. The different meanings are given against each pair. Fill in the blanks by putting in one or two-letter(s) to show the difference in spelling. The one who completes it first will be the winner.

(a) diary: a record  of every day's events or thoughts
     dairy: a place where milk is produced to make different milk products.

(b) Weather: temperature of a place
       Whether: Expressing a doubt

(c) Lake: a large area of water
      Like: Similar to

(d) Wash: to make something clean by using water
       Wish: to want something to happen

(e) New: fresh, not old or used
        Now: The present time 



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