Thursday, 16 May 2019

Sarojini Naidu as a Poetess

Sarojini Naidu as a Poetess

 Sarojini Chattopadhyay Popularly known as Sarojini Naidu was born on February 13th 1879, in Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh. She was a child prodigy and actively took part in the activities for the independence of India.

on account of her beautiful poems and songs she was also known as "the nightingale of India".  Naidu served as the first governor of the united provinces of Agra and Oudh from 1947 to 1949; and became the first woman to become the governor of an Indian state. She was the second woman to become the president of the Indian National Congress in 1925 and the first Indian woman to do so.Read more Sarojini Naidu as a poetess.



Sarojini Naidu as a poet
   

                   Sarojini Naidu as a poetess


  • The nightingale of India ,  Sarojini was a prolific writer and poet.
  • she composed poetry in which Swift thought and strong emotions sprang in to lyrics by themselves.
  • She has given expression to the joys as well as to the sorrow of life.
  • She was sensitive to the beauty of living things. Her poetry includes childrens poems , nature poems , patriotic poems and poems of love and death. 


BIO-SKETCH OF SAROJINI NAIDU



CHILDHOOD

Sarojini Naidu was born to father Aghor Nath Chattopadhyay and Mother Barada Sundari Debi. Her father settled in Hyderabad and founded Hyderabad College, which was later named as Nizam's College. Naidu began writing at the age of twelve. Her Persian Play  'Maher Munner' Impressed the Nawab of Hyderabad.


EDUCATION

in 1891 Sarojini Naidu passed her matriculation examination from the University of Madras.She took a break of four years from her studies.

In 1895, Naidu got a chance from the "Nizam scholarship Trust" founded by the 6th Nizam of Hyderabad - Mir Mahbub Ali Khan,  to pursue higher studies in England first at King's College London and later at Girton College, Cambridge.



SAROJINI NAIDU AS A FREEDOM FIGHTER


Sarojini Naidu with Mahatma Gandhi

SAROJINI NAIDU WITH MAHATMA GANDHI



in 1905 when partition of Bengal was announced, Sarojini Naidu joined the Indian national movement; where she came in contact with the influential leaders of India namely Gopal Krishna Gokhale, Ravindranath Tagore, Annie Besant,  Muhammad Ali Jinnah,  Mahatma Gandhi,  Jawaharlal Nehru and many others during this time.

Gopal Krishna Gokhale Views on her work : He said Sarojini              Naidu's   speech was more than an intellectual treat of the highest order. it was a perfect piece of art. we all felt for the moment to be lifted to a higher plan. An another thing he said ; " you begin with a ripple and begin in eternity". 
Her first collection of poems, named "The golden threshold" was published and was admired by the prominent leaders.Read further Sarojini Naidu as a Poetess


During 1915 to 1918, she travelled to different parts of India delivering lectures on social welfare, women's empowerment, and nationalism in 1917 she majorly contributed in formation of the women's Indian Association(WIA).  Later,  she travelled to London along with Annie Besant, president of (WIA), to present the case for the women's vote to the Joint Select Committee.

 in 1925, Naidu was made the president of Indian National Congress at Kanpur, and in 1929, she headed East African Indian Congress in South Africa. During this time for her enduring work during the plague epidemic in India she was awarded the " Kaisar-i-Hind" medal by the British government.

In 1931, she participated in the round table conference with Mahatma Gandhi and Madan Mohan Malviya. She played a leading role during the civil disobedience movement and was jailed along with Gandhiji and other leaders. In 1942, she was also arrested during the "Quit India"  movement.READ 7 OF THE BEST RABINDRANATH TAGORE POEMS




THEME OF POETRY

Theme of poetry

Sarojini Naidu Theme of Poetry



  • Ode to the Nizam of Hyderabad  -  Royal
  • In the forest  -  Nature
  • Nightfall in the city of Hyderabad  - Urban 
  • To India - Patriotism
  • Village song - Rustic life
  • Death song, Life song - Life and death
  • Buddha seated on a lotus - Spirituality
  • The Indian weavers - Common people


Sarojini Naidu as a poetess / Major contribution

THE GOLDEN THRESHOLD
  • "The Golden Threshold" Sarojini Naidu's first collection of poems which come out in 1905.
  • Her emotion and pain very beautifully into poem , this was amazing creation of her. 
  • Her poetry in this collection seems to sing itself as if swift thought and strong emotion sprang into lyrical of themselves. 


THE BIRD OF TIME
    • It was the second volume of poem by Sarojini Naidu printed on 1912.
    • In this volume there are many love songs , love and death and death and life.
     "Life is prism of my light and death, the shadow of my face"

    THE BROKEN WINGS 

    • Sarojini Naidu's final collection of poem "The broken wings" came out in 1917.
    • This collection is a memory of her father and Gokhale .


    on March 2nd 1949 Sarojini Naidu died of a heart attack while at her office in Lucknow in 1961 her collection of poems the feather of the dawn was edited and published posthumously by her daughter Padmaja Naidu the then governor of West Bengal.

    Thus, Sarojini Naidu as a Poetess , wrote many poems upon nature, life , death , love poems, men and woman relationship as well as on patriotism and her all poem we can sing melodiously. , 




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