Saturday, 14 July 2018

Charles Dickens short Biography wiki, books, novels, early life , education, family ,wife ,children ,style,quotes,facts,works, Characters

 

Charles Dickens short Biography wiki, books, novels, early life , education, family ,wife ,children ,style,quotes,facts,works



Charles Dickens short Biography wiki, books, novels, early life , education, family ,wife ,children ,style,quotes,facts,works
Charles Dickens Biography

Charles John Huffam Dickens popularly known as Charles Dickens is known and loved all over the world for his Novels ,He is one of the prominent writer in the history of the English literature .Charles Dickens wiki, biography,books,novel, age, works,early life, education, childhood, family, wife ,children,quotes,facts is all we are going to discuss today.



Charles Dickens (February 7,1812 to June 9, 1870) was born at Landport in Portsea Island (Portsmouth) was a British novelist, journalist, editor, illustrator and social commentator.


    Dickens is remembered as one of the most important and influential writers of the 19th century and he is also regarded as the literary colossus of his age. Infact, World's best-known fictional characters are created by him and because of which he  is regarded by many as the greatest novelist of the Victorian Age.



BORN

February 7, 1812 at 1 mile End terrace ,(Now 393 Commercial road), Landport in Portsea Island (Portsmouth).

DIED

9 June 1870,Higham, kent(England)

OCCUPATION

Writer,Editor, Journalist

NATIONALITY

British

FAMILY

John Dickens (Father), Elizabeth Barrow  (Mother).

SPOUSE

Catherine Thompson Hogarth .

CHILDREN

Charles Dickens Jr., Mary Dickens, Kate Perugini, Walter Landor Dickens,  Francis Dickens , Alfred D'orsay Tennyson Dickens , Sydney Smith Haldimand Dickens, Henry Fielding Dickens, Dora Annie Dickens,  Edward Dickens.

ERA
Victorian Era.


Charles Dickens Family,Early Life And Education



Charles Dickens,the eldest son and second of the eight children,of John Dickens, and Elizabeth.John Dickens was a clerk in the Navy.And his Mother Elizabeth was a school director.

When Charles was hardly 4 years old his father was transferred to Chatham , Chatham provided  the most Congenial  'Milieu' for Charles .The hills ,the lush green grass and leaves carried Charles to an enchanted land . Which left an indelible impression upon his mind and these appeared again and again in his work in "Great Expectations" .

Charles went to Giles school with his elder sister ,Charles loved sports and games ,but he had the least aspiration to be a sportsman "I was a writer when a mere baby," writes Charles , "but an actor always ". In fact ,Charles was an actor in his novels.

When Charles was only ten years old his formal education almost came to an end.His father lost his job due to which entire family had to face appalling poverty.Eventually, John was sent to prison for debt in 1824, when Charles was just 12 years old. it was a dark period for the family.
Following his father’s imprisonment, Dickens was forced  to work at a boot-blacking factory . At the run-down, rodent-ridden factory, Dickens earned six shillings a week labeling pots of “blacking,” . It was the best he could do to help support his family.

Charles father's was released but he had no employment,when his father received family inheritance Charles was permitted to go back to school in Wellington house academy.But unfortunately at the age of 15years  his education was pulled out again to work and contribute to his family's income .His father however succeeded in getting Charles employed at the office of a solicitor on a modest weekly salary and that job became the launching point for his writing Carrier.

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  Charles Dickens Early Novels and Carrier as a Journalist,Editor



Charles Dickens was appointed as a reporter at Doctors Commons ,where he meet a Lovely girl ,Maria Baednett it was more then a calf love but the ideas of marriage did not occur to either,Charles could not be married and his beloved discouraged him to be a writer of stories.

In the early days of journalism he sent some of his autobiographical sketches to the The Monthly Magazine,these sketches were appeared as Sketches By Boz .Boz is Charles pen name and Boz was actually one of his Brothers.This sketches of Charles appeared in book form and Charles hot one hundred and fifty pounds as his royalty.

It was a glorious beginning and Fortune smiles upon Charles ,His Pickwick Papers was being published serially,which was illustrated by the famous artist ,Robert Seymour .Robert Seymour for unknowns reason committed suicide but Dickens continued his story of the irrepressible Pickwick.Its popularity was beyond imagination.pickwick was on Everybody's lips.

It was the novel Pickwick Papers which brought Charles wealth and Fame and it also encouraged him to undertake the Composition of The Adventures of Oliver Twist,to be followed by the First number of Nicholas Nickleby . Oliver's Twist, published in 1838, became one of Dickens's better known stories, and was the first Victorian novel with a child protagonist.



                     Charles Dickens Wife And Children


On 2nd April 1836 Dickens married  Catherine Thompson Hogarth ,daughter of George Hogarth,the conductor of the Evening Chronicles,in St.Luke church Chelsea ,London. The first of their Ten children ,Charley was born in January 1837.During this period Charles shifted to Doughty Street ,London .Dickens and his wife lived under the same roof ,but could not love each other .when Dickens was bestriding the literary world like a colossus ,the poor wife looked on with Awe .It is the tragedy Of a common woman to be the wife of a celebrity.Dickens never I'll treated his wife ,never used abusive language.He was too refined too cultured to do such things.



                Charles Dickens Visit To the United states


In 1842, Dickens and his wife made their first trip to the United States and Canada.He described his impressions in a Travelogue American notes for general Circulation,During his American visit he spent a month in New York city Raising of International copyright Laws. On his return home Dickens was a veritable hero ,in The following year Dickens 'Christmas Books " Appeared the stories were enjoyed by the young and the old alike.

Dickens also visited Italy and France ,it was in France that he started Writing Dombey and son .on coming back to England Dickens wrote David Copperfield.

  Literary Style and Characters in Dickens novel

Dickens Favoured the style of the 18th century picaresque novels .Charles Dickens literary Style is a mixture of Realism and Fantasy and his writing style is marked with a profuse linguistic creativity.

There are four types of character in Dickens Novel

(1) The horrible , inhuman characters like Uriah heep and Fagin.

(2) Sweet , pleasant children like Nell,Oliver twist and Paul.

(3)Humorous and eccentric characters like Mr.micawber and,

(4) A noble character like Sydney carton.

         Notable works of Charles Dickens

(1) Pickwick Papers
Monthly serial (April 1836 - November 1837)
(2)Oliver Twist
Monthly Serial February 1837 - April 1839
(3)Nicholas Nickleby
Monthly serial April 1838 to October 1839
(4)Old curiosity Shop
Weekly Serial April 1840-November 1841
(5)Barnaby Rudge
Weekly Serial February to November 1841
(6)A Christmas Carol
(7)Martin Chuzzlewit
(8)Dombey and Son
(9)David Copperfield
(10)Bleak House
(11)A tale of Two Cities
(12)Great Expectations
              
                  Charles Dickens Quotes

(1) It was the best of times, it was the worst of times.

(2)Have a heart that never hardens, and a temper that never tires, and a touch that never hurts.

(3)It was one of those March days when the sun shines hot and the wind blows cold: when it is summer in the light, and winter in the shade.

(4)No one is useless in this world who lightens the burdens of another

(5)A loving heart is the truest wisdom.

Charles Dickens died on 9th June 1870 at the age of 58 at Gad's hill place ,his country home in Kent , England. He suffered a stroke after completing a full day’s work on his novel in progress, Edwin Drood.He was buried in poets Corner at Westminster Abbey.





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