Thursday, 22 February 2018

Administration Of Justice, types of justice,criminal justice,civil justice

         


                      ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE


Administration Of Justice, types of justice,criminal justice,civil justice
Administration of justice
                          


In general terms Administration of justice means the protection and enforcement of rights and Duties ..

According to Law : The functions of the judiciary is to protect and enforce the rights of the individuals and to punish wrong-doers .This function is called the 'Administration of justice' 



                    SALMOND's DEFINITION:

"Maintenance of rights ,within a political community by means of the physical force of the state"


                           Historical Development

As an essential functions of the state ,the law and order within the state is maintained through the Administration of justice . The administration of justice in reaching its present form passed through various stages .

In the primitive society when any wrong was done against any individual ,he had to resort to self-help and it was based on private vengeance .But later on ,when individuals organised themselves in society ,certain rights were recognised by the society .if a wrong was done against the individual it was abhorred by the society and it made efforts to provide remedy to the individual wronged.

Gradually the society evolved and the state came into Being ,for the protection of the citizen , and for its own protection it was necessary for  the state to maintain law and order. This was the beginning of the Administration of justice .

The state protects the rights and enforces the duties of its citizens .if any individual is violated by another ,the latter is to redress it or he is punished.State for the protection of the citizen appoints persons to adjudicate the rights and duties ,in this way ,courts came into being . Gradually a well organized judicial order developed in the society .

                        Types of Administration of justice




Administration Of Justice, types of justice,criminal justice,civil justice
Administration of justice




The administration of justice is divided into two parts


(1) Civil justice and (2) Criminal justice

Civil justice 

Civil justice is administered by civil courts ,the wrongs which are the subject matter of civil proceedings are called civil wrongs .A successful civil proceedings results in a judgement for damages or recovery of debts or any other alike relief

Criminal justice

criminal justice is administered by criminal courts ,the wrongs which are the subject matter of criminal proceedings are called criminal wrongs.unlike the Civil justice a successful criminal proceedings results in the punishment of the Wrongdoer .


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